WASHINGTON — The Environmental Protection Agency issued regulations Friday to reduce emissions from trucks and buses, overcoming opposition from the White House Office of Management and Budget, which wanted more relaxed standards.
The regulations, required under the 1970 Clean Air Act and a recent court order, will force new buses and trucks to install pollution-control devices in three stages. Minor improvements are mandated in 1988, followed by progressively stronger adjustments in 1991 and 1994.
The EPA said that by 1994 the regulations will have increased the price of light-duty trucks by about $28, of heavy-duty gasoline-powered vehicles by $21 and of buses and other heavy-duty diesel-powered vehicles by $682.
An EPA spokesman said the new standards will reduce particulate emissions in urban areas by 46% by the year 2000. Particulates, emitted in the black plume of bus exhaust, are suspected of causing cancer.