I agree with Kostmayer that the United States should not cut foreign aid funds for family planning in developing countries. I take exception, however, with his analysis that overpopulation is the cause of malnutrition, hunger and famine.
The famine in Africa is the result of crop failures due to a multi-year drought--severe lack of rainfall coupled with nonexistent irrigation systems to bring water to farmlands.
Malnutrition, hunger and high infant mortality rates are the cause of overpopulation. In developing countries, couples have children for practical reasons: to help produce food and to assure that there will be someone to care for the couple in their later aging years. In many African countries, 20% of all children die before their first birthday due to the vicious cycle of malnutrition and disease.
In order to break this vicious cycle that leads to overpopulation, it is important to concentrate on implementing effective programs that have been proven to decrease infant mortality: