The famine is over in most of Africa, but long-term recovery is in doubt because Western donors, particularly the United States, are reluctant to provide money and long-term farming assistance, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization reported. The agency's director general, Edouard Saouma, said in a year-end report that because of plentiful rain, only six countries are in danger for 1986--Ethiopia, Sudan, Angola, Botswana, Mozambique and Cape Verde. However, noting the reluctance of Western donors to follow up emergency food shipments with help to make Africans self-sufficient, Saouma asked: ". . . For every five boats filled with surplus wheat, why cannot one be filled with fertilizer or seeds?"