California became the latest battleground in the nation's air-fare war Monday as two regional carriers announced discount programs aimed at stimulating traffic during the traditional winter doldrums.
Analysts said the moves, coupled with recently announced deep discounts on coast-to-coast and East Coast corridor flights, are part of the fiercest fare war since 1983, when airlines wildly slashed prices to attract passengers. And they predicted that pressure to keep the fares low is likely to continue at least until April.
"The airlines have added about 9% more seats, and passenger traffic is projected to increase just 5% this year. And the easiest way to deal with that 4% difference is to cut rates," said Earl Hamlin, who follows the industry for the San Francisco investment banking firm Hambrecht & Quist.
Several analysts said the airlines would try to fight the current war with limited fare reductions aimed at boosting weekend and off-peak traffic while leaving prices for full-fare business passengers untouched.
Great for Travelers
Although the renewed discounts are a boon to travelers, analysts cautioned that they will erode airline profits unless a cease-fire is called by the peak summer traveling months, when airlines typically accumulate most of their earnings.
On the local front, 5-month-old Continental West, the Los Angeles-based unit of Continental Airlines, said Monday that it will charge $29 for all one-way trips between Los Angeles and San Jose, the only two airports that it serves in the state, effective immediately. Continental West's one-way fare on its only other route, between Los Angeles and Seattle, will be $69.
Currently, one-way fares between Southern and Northern California airports range from $29 to $94 and from $69 to $210 between Southern California and Seattle.
Earlier Monday, AirCal in Newport Beach announced a 24-hour "Weekend Jetaway" program: $39 fares on all of its routes between Northern and Southern California and $79 fares between California and Seattle. However, the discounts are good only from noon Saturday until noon Sunday on weekends from Jan. 11 through March 16.
Although competing airlines, including Pacific Southwest and Western, matched the AirCal discount program, the Continental West move went unanswered.
"It doesn't make any sense for us," a Western spokeswoman said. "We can't make any money that way, and we don't think they can either."
'Not a Public Service'
"We are not matching (Continental West's) fares because we already have those fares in place," said a PSA spokeswoman, referring to the company's selective $29 and $69 discount fares. "We have more seats out there at those fares than (Continental West has) in total seats."
Continental West President Sheldon Best insisted that the new airline can make money with its new fares.
"This is a business, not a public service. Of course we can make money," said Best, a former AirCal executive. "The question is not who pioneered low fares, but who can sustain them. . . . We intend to maintain our attack for the consumer against high fares."
Continental West's parent, Continental Airlines, has been one of the leaders of the national fare war. Last week, it announced a heavily restricted $99 "cheap frills" fare between New York and Los Angeles and $65 fly-anywhere tickets for senior citizens.
On Monday, Trans World Airlines offered an identical fare, good until March 5, for one-stop or connecting transcontinental flights on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, with a 14-day advance purchase requirement.
And World Airways pitched in Monday with a coast-to-coast fare of $90--linked, it said, to comedian George Burns' 90th birthday.
Burns, who has been World's spokesman for almost a year, will turn 90 on Jan. 20. The promotional fare, good only for round-trips paid for seven days before the journey, will be in effect through March 15.
World also announced a $65 senior citizen fare available Tuesdays and Wednesdays between New York or Washington and Los Angeles or San Francisco.
People Express, the acknowledged pioneer of rock-bottom ticket pricing, is offering $99 coast-to-coast fares and a $99 ticket between San Francisco and Brussels.
The price cutting has even extended to the route between Florida and the cold Northeast, which usually is heavily traveled at this time of year. Several airlines are offering $69 seats between Boston and Miami, a discount of $30.
Toughest Since 1982-'83
"The one sure way to fill up the seats is to lower the prices," said Michael Hamilton, an analyst with Piper Jaffray & Hopwood, an investment house in Minneapolis. "Without a doubt this is as tough a market as we've seen since 1982-83."
However, the analysts doubted whether the airlines would be as wounded by the current war as they were three years ago.
Hambrecht & Quist's Hamlin said the increasing use of computers will allow airlines to accurately assess passenger loads and channel travelers to the seats that return the greatest profit for the carrier.