Gail Reisman and June Baal Bickford want to have a word with those who may be thinking today of sending Valentine's Day cards, candy or flowers to a co-worker. The word is: Don't.
Research shows that office romances rarely turn into successful relationships and more often bring professional and emotional woe, according to Reisman.
Reisman and Bickford have formed Interaction Associates, a fledgling Orange County consulting company whose seminars aim at helping men, women and companies adjust to the changing roles of women in the workplace.
Because it highlights the nonprofessional differences between men and women, on-the-job romance is one of the reasons many women have hit a "glass ceiling" and find they are not being promoted beyond middle management, said Reisman.
Reisman, 40, holds a Ph.D. in adult development and specializes in male/female differences and relationships. Bickford, 53, holds a master's degree in human development and has worked as a trainer in business etiquette. Both are from Anaheim Hills.
"Sex(ism) in the Office" is one topic, along with corporate etiquette, power and language, that Reisman and Bickford cover in separate seminars for men and women.
They define workplace "romance" as meaning anything from flirtation through one-night stands and short- and long-term personal commitments. They list the negative consequences as including lowered work energy and production, jealousy from co-workers, the risk of harassment or third-party discrimination suits, low office morale, misery or awkwardness when the affair's over and being fired, Reisman said.
"We say before you even start, really decide if it's worth it," Reisman said.
Both said that as individual lecturers and counselors, they've heard too many tales of misery from men and women, particularly regarding unrequited affection and harassment.
"One man said his secretary was openly after him. When he discouraged her, she messed up the whole office. It wasn't a laughing matter. He was too embarrassed to go to his boss because he was afraid it would be treated as a joke," Reisman said.
Another young man in middle management complained that a young woman who worked for him was having an affair with his boss and had started reporting directly to the boss.
The young man's "power was taken away. He had become ineffective," said Bickford.
Often, Reisman said, the stories are tragic.
A corporate supervisor in her 50s started an affair with a man in his 30s who worked for her, she said. "It started out as a mother/son mentoring relationship. That's why she looked so foolish when it ended." The woman helped him improve his work, get noticed, and suggested his promotion. But immediately after he was promoted, he broke off their personal relationship, Reisman said.
"She had a minor breakdown and had to take time off from work while she saw a psychologist. It took her a long time to regain her credibility afterwards."
Reisman said there are three needs behind office relationships: the need for love or affection, the need for excitement and the need to exercise or gain power. The second two are dangerous, she said, because of the risk of exploitation.
The workplace has become a breeding ground for romance, particularly in California's transient, highly divorced society, Reisman said. "The only thing you can be sure of is that co-workers will be there (at work). You're with these people more than anyone."
Some people have affairs because they are bored and crave the excitement of having a secret affair. "It gets more exciting the closer you are to being discovered." These people are often balancing more than one affair and get involved with co-workers again and again, Reisman said.
Others start office relationships because they are stimulated by the camaraderie, the pressure, or by finding themselves out of town on a trip with a co-worker, Reisman said. "I think a lot of the attraction people find is generated by the situation itself and is not genuine attraction," she said.
When an office romance ends, she said, many women say: "I wonder what I saw in him?"
In the end, office romances always hurt women more than men, according to both Reisman and Bickford.
Reisman said: "What's the worst thing you can say about a man? That he's a dirty old man. But how many times do you hear: 'She's anybody's?' or 'I wonder who she slept with to get there?' "
Problem of Self-Doubt
Some women who have been promoted by a man they were dating are prone to self-doubt when the affair ends, Reisman said. More than men, women tend to suffer from the impostor syndrome, she explained, and if they achieve through any means other then their own abilities they will never get the self-esteem they need.
Because professional women are still a novelty to some men, she said, some relationships arise because of men who do not regard women as professional peers and still expect them to be mothers, wives, daughters or lovers.