The framed New York University Medical School diploma hanging on the wall bears the scripted name "Frank Raymond Di Fiore," perhaps proof that Di Fiore is a legitimate surgeon; but why should we believe that the man sitting behind the desk is really Frank Di Fiore?
That's a question he gets a lot these days, with last month's release of his book, "The Mask" (Avon Books), the tale of a man who successfully impersonates a surgeon.
"Take that certificate on the wall," Di Fiore said. "OK, so some guy named Frank Raymond Di Fiore is certified by the board of surgery. But is that this guy?" he says, gesturing to himself. "I don't think it's the most difficult thing in the world for somebody to become a phony doctor."
Seated in his closet-sized Newport Beach office, Di Fiore ("a good Italian name--you have to sort of wiggle your fingers when you say it") laughs about all the attention and good-natured kidding lavished on him by colleagues and patients in recent weeks.
However, he denies that "The Mask" is autobiographical.
"That's one of the jokes running around the hospital. They want to know if it's my autobiography. My standard answer is: 'No, but I had one of my friends dictate it to me.' "
His first book with a major publishing house, "The Mask" details the exploits of an Army medic in Vietnam who assumes a doctor's identity when their helicopter is shot down and the doctor is killed. With the doctor's body burned beyond recognition, Richard Peters, a frustrated, would-be medical student, suddenly is thrust into the role of Dr. James Webber.
Discharged from the Army, Peters/Webber returns to the States and uses his rough, combat-honed medical skills to land a position at a clinic in the fictional town of Santa Madrinas north of San Francisco, where he settles into a life that is not really his.
The novel, with a first run of 50,000 copies, appeared on book stands with a remarkable timeliness. Barely a month earlier, California medical investigators arrested Enrique Herrera of Santa Ana and charged him with posing as a doctor for nearly 1 1/2 years at the Emergi-Care Family Center in Fountain Valley. In 1984, unlicensed Chicago pharmacist Gerald Barnes was arrested in Anaheim for trying to get a job as a physician just months after he pleaded guilty to involuntary manslaughter in connection with the death of a diabetic patient.
"So many things in this book have come true, it's mind-boggling," says Di Fiore, 56, a general surgeon and family man who, even after 25 years in California, retains some of his Bronx accent.
When the latest alleged medical impostor was arrested April 28, Di Fiore worried a little about the fate of his novel, then in his publisher's hands.
"My immediate thought was, 'Oh boy, somebody's going to write a quickie book.' Somebody'll grind one out in 30 days . . . a quick, sloppo book about a phony doctor. And Avon's sitting on my stuff back there. And then all of a sudden, bango, they were ready to go. It was more or less perfect timing."
Di Fiore said he started writing "The Mask" in the summer of 1981.
"If Orange County has two (cases), how many are in the country?" he asked. "It would be harder today because orthopedics (his character's specialty) has advanced a lot since the setting of that (book), which would be about 1970. . . . But you know, it depends on the background. Medical corpsmen get a lot of experience. . . . I think it could've been done at that time. Maybe even today, given the right individual."
Federal statistics show that it is indeed done today, with startling regularity. A 1984 report by the House subcommittee on health and long-term care estimated that there are as many as 10,000 fraudulent doctors in the United States, representing one out of every 50 physicians.
Di Fiore's book raises some interesting ethical dilemmas by throwing in an unexpected twist: His phony doctor turns out to be a superb surgeon. Should such a person be allowed to practice medicine without the requisite years of medical school, internship and residency?
It's all relative, Di Fiore said. Is an incompetent certified doctor better than a talented one without a degree?
"Approximately 20% of the doctors in this country are foreign medical graduates," he said. "Some of those guys went to very fine medical schools. A lot of them went to very peripheral places where you really don't know what they got out of medical school--if anything.
"Now they don't really have medical school training like I had. They don't have that kind of exposure, that kind of intensity. All they have to be able to do is sit back in a lecture hall and remember what was said. Some of the interns I worked with in my training--those guys didn't know anything about anything. And they were, quote, medical school graduates."