BISHOP — Their nerves already jangled by a 6.1-magnitude earthquake and by a string of strong aftershocks, some residents here on Wednesday reacted bitterly to a U.S. Geological Survey advisory that another large temblor may occur in the next several days.
Many local residents and business owners called the advisory "irresponsible" and said it could scare prospective travelers away from the eastern slopes of the High Sierra in the heart of the summer tourist season.
Some of them recalled a similar government advisory in 1982, when geologists warned that a volcanic eruption could be imminent at the nearby Mammoth Lakes resort. It never happened, but businesses suffered as a result.
However, on Wednesday, a Geological Survey official defended the agency's advisory, even as some motel managers reported mounting cancellations.
The agency issued the unusual advisory on Tuesday, a day after a 6.1 quake knocked dozens of trailers off their foundations, broke windows and triggered landslides in and around this tourist-oriented, mountain community about 240 miles north of Los Angeles.
The quake was followed by at least 1,800 temblors, many of which have measured more than 4.0 on the Richter scale, authorities said.
Despite the aftershocks, residents here were cleaning up debris and moving back into their homes on Wednesday.
A Marine Corps unit from Pickel Meadow, a winter warfare training area, hauled in three 300-gallon water tankers, supplemented by bottled water donated by the Safeway supermarket chain. The 250 residents of Chalfant Valley, near the epicenter of the quake, have been warned against drinking well water because of possible contamination from broken sewer lines.
Brian Miller, spokesman for a multiagency earthquake task force, said a "ballpark" estimate of the damage was $1 million.
In the first step toward obtaining financial assistance from the federal government, the Inyo County Board of Supervisors declared the region a disaster area.
"It has hurt us," Pat Cook, desk clerk at the Best Western Motel, said of the Geological Survey advisory. "But by way of analogy, if you are planning a picnic and the weatherman says there is a 5% chance of rain, do you cancel the picnic?"
"What am I supposed to do now, lay everything on the floor?" asked Maggie Costanza, 34, owner of the Valley Ranch Outfitters store in Bishop. 'Unless they (seismologists) have come a long way, baby, they've never been able to predict one (a quake) before."
Other residents complained that the advisory has only made it harder to get a good night's sleep here.
"I think they are out to scare us, and they ought to keep their mouths shut," said Patricia Curtis, 30, who works at a local fast-food restaurant. "Some children here don't understand it is not a prediction and are hysterical over this."
In an effort to calm anxiety here, Julian Johnson, a Geological Survey geophysicist, made himself available for interviews with local radio stations and newspaper reporters.
"I can see how this advisory might produce such a reaction, but it is the most accurate estimate we can come up with," Johnson said. "People shouldn't be scared. It is not much worse than other dangers, like driving a car."
"They should be willing to lose a little business if it means that people who come here will be safe," added Ray Schaaf, spokesman for the emergency operations center in Bishop.
Instead, he said, local business owners were being "overly protective," adding that their criticisms of the Geological Survey advisory were unfair.
Some residents here said it was hard to be sensible, when the ground keeps shaking several times a day.
"If there's going to be a big one," Costanza said, "I just wish it would come and get the hell over with."