Rod Ballard's death was powerful testimony to the dangers of cycling. As far as the United States Cycling Federation and those with the Encino Velodrome are concerned, he always will be, too.
A year ago Sunday, Ballard was involved in a fatal collision during a three-lap sprint race at the Encino track. The 36-year-old from Brentwood died of massive head injuries three days later at the Northridge Hospital Medical Center.
Racers will remember Ballard--the velodrome's only fatality in 25 years--in the Rod Ballard Sprint Classic at the velodrome Sept. 13. Henry Ballard, the cyclist's father, is expected to present trophies to winners at the races, which will become a yearly event.
Only too vividly, racers will also remember the accident in which Ballard was wearing a padded leather helmet. The "hair net" was outlawed four months later, on Jan. 1, by the USCF.
"Rod Ballard was well known. His death was on the lips of everybody," said Ballard's friend, Larry Hoffman, who owns a North Hollywood bicycle shop. "The hardshell helmet will probably save a lot of lives, and if not lives, brain damage. You can almost guarantee that."
Ballard's collision with Mark Garrett, the other cyclist in the match sprint race, was not that unusual.
Said Paul Schecter, the track director: "We've had serious accidents, but never anybody die. Guys go down and break their hips and shoulders."
Between turns 3 and 4, when Ballard was preparing to take the lead, he and Garrett collided, Ballard flying over his handlebars. Witnesses said that the momentum of the fall caused Ballard to tumble down the cement track for several feet.
"We had more accidents in that month than I can remember in six years of bicycle racing. It can be a dangerous sport," said Barbara Forgash, a member of the Encino Velodrome Committee, which plans events at the track. "It was highly unusual."
Next week's memorial race will bring to memory an unusual September of spills at the Encino Velodrome and across the country.
A week after Ballard crashed, another rider had an accident at the Encino track. Schecter remembers the details.
"Two or three guys came together and one guy went down," Schecter said. "The guy was wearing an inadequate helmet. He wasn't a very experienced rider. It was your atypical accident or the guy had a mishap."
Two weeks later, Tim Bengston, an experienced rider, fell in a race at the track and was taken to Rancho Encino Hospital. A CAT scan revealed a skull fracture. He, too, was not wearing a hardshell helmet--sometimes called a "brain bucket"--which is made out of fiberglass or plastic and provides more protection.
Tim Roach, a friend of Ballard and the cycling director at the Olympic Velodrome at Cal State Dominguez Hills, remembers another incident in Wisconsin that resulted in the death of another cyclist the same week Ballard died.
A cyclist in Kenosha, Wis., was killed instantly in a collision with a semi-trailer truck. The rider was reportedly "slipstreaming" or trailing another vehicle to pick up speed. When he passed the truck at an intersection, he was hit.
"There were two deaths so close together, there was a panic among the rule makers," Roach said in reference to the helmet issue.
Roach's wife, Barbara, another close friend of Ballard, plans to race next Saturday for the first time since a June competition in San Diego.
"My main goal is just to participate, not to go out and win," she said. "I'm coming back in this one for Rod.
Mandating hardshell headgear was something the USCF thought was necessary, Hoffman said, because with hair nets, "if you fall down, they will not protect your head against the impact.
"The SCCF was afraid," said Hoffman of the Southern California Cycling Federation, a collection of 22 cycling clubs that regularly race at the Encino Velodrome. Fearful of leaving himself open to a liability suit, Hoffman no longer sells "hair nets" as helmets.
"Rod Ballard's parents probably could've sued. The SCCF saw the handwriting on the wall and knew that if they didn't do something, they'd be leaving themselves open to liability."
Had Ballard been wearing a hardshell helmet, many people believe he'd still be alive. Still, the cyclist was wearing more than riders do in Europe--where not wearing headgear is an act of machismo, a sign of a rider's confidence.
"There was a lot of argument over the hardshell," Hoffman said. "The USCF thought a lot of riders would quit. They thought hardshell helmets were--I'll try to be polite here--for wimps. I was the first one who said, 'Let's make these hardshell helmets mandatory.' "
But safer helmets didn't protect the Encino Velodrome from sky-rocketing insurance premiums. When the track's policy with National Union ran out on Jan. 15, the USCF didn't renew it and the track closed. The U.S. Olympic Committee, which set up its own insurance fund for national governing bodies of other sports, negotiated a three-month extension of the USCF's policy.