Julian Wilson of Inglewood used to buy his high blood pressure medication from the drugstore. But earlier this year, he began ordering it from a new, Chatsworth-based mail-order pharmacy and says he's hooked on the new service.
"It saves me time and money," said the 71-year-old part-time security guard. "I used to stand in line (at the drugstore) 15 or 20 minutes. Now, I mail in the prescription from my doctor and get it (the medicine) sometimes the next day. On the average I save $40 a month."
Twice as Many Companies
Pills-by-mail operations such as the one Wilson uses have more than doubled since 1981, but they have not undergone this surge without controversy.
Mail-order pharmacies aren't a new concept. The American Assn. of Retired Persons, for instance, included mail-order drug service as part of its membership package when it was founded 27 years ago.
But now, other organizations--including two new Chatsworth-based operations, ElderMED Mail Order Pharmacy Service and CliniShare Direct Rx--are getting into the act.
Walgreen in Market
Major drugstore chains, including the Walgreen Co., operator of 1,300 retail drugstores, have entered the mail-order market, too.
"There has been major growth in mail-order pharmacies in the last year or year and a half," said John McHugh, president of the National Assn. of Mail Service Pharmacies, a Virginia-based trade association of seven mail-order pharmacies. Five years ago, only about 10 mail-order pharmacies operated nationwide, five of them major operations, said McHugh, who also serves as president of the AARP Pharmacy Service. Today, he estimates, there are about 25 across the country, and about nine of them are major operations.
Of the estimated 1.5 billion prescriptions filled in the U.S. annually, McHugh said, about 60 million, or 4%, are now filled by mail order.
Not everyone is enthusiastic about mail-order pharmacies, however. Five states--Georgia, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina and Oklahoma--prohibit mail-order pharmacies from locating within their borders, said Nicholas Willard, director of governmental affairs for the AARP Pharmacy Service. Four states (Alabama, Arkansas, California and Louisiana) require out-of-state mail-order pharmacies to have state pharmacy permits (licenses) before shipping into that state, he said.
The constitutionality of requiring mail-order pharmacies to obtain a license in each state in which they do business is currently under debate in several states. Operators of mail-order pharmacies claim that the requirement is unconstitutional and so costly that it will eventually drive up prices. This year alone, according to Willard, out-of-state licensing proposals have failed in nine states.
Those who favor the licensure requirement, on the other hand, say their sole concern is the health and safety of the public and that licensing of out-of-state mail-order pharmacies will help ensure that. One issue of concern, according to Lorie Rice, executive officer of the California State Board of Pharmacy, is that patients have "proper avenues for consultation (with pharmacists). Our bottom line is the issue of consumer protection." (Some mail-order pharmacy operators say such consultation is available by phone.)
Edwin L. Kramer, a pharmacist at Jay Scott Drugs, an independent Burbank pharmacy, believes mail-order pharmacies can't provide the public with the kind of "intimate contact" with a pharmacist that drugstores can. "The most important facet of the pharmacist is to be a consultant," he believes. "Especially with older people, there are so many chances of drug interactions. We're (drugstore pharmacists) the first line (of information about medication) for a patient. They come to us if they have any questions about medications." That type of communication, Kramer says, can't be carried out successfully by phone.
Also opposing mail-order pharmacies is the California Pharmacists Assn., according to Victor Boisseree, vice president for professional affairs for the Sacramento-based organization that includes 7,000 hospital, chain store, independent and other pharmacists. "We believe they are not in the best interests of the patient," said Boisseree in a telephone interview. "We have existing policy that the pharmacist should counsel the patient on a face-to-face basis" if possible. "We are developing a campaign that will provide material to (our) pharmacists to advise their patients as to the dangers of using mail-order prescription services."
Despite the debate, proponents of mail-order pharmacies are confident that the services will continue to grow. Most of the mail-order pharmacy services, McHugh said, are marketed to employers or associations such as AARP, which in turn offer them to their employees or members.