I must disagree with Hilburn's assessment of the history of the "punk movement."
The rise of punk music in England was inspired on our shores and spread to Britain, not vice versa (not unlike the British invasion of 1963-65).
The alternative club scene was flourishing (at CBGB's, Max's Kansas City, the Village Gate, etc.) with bands such as the Ramones, Blondie, Television, Pere Ubu (a Cleveland import), Talking Heads, Dictators, etc., in 1975.
The Ramones first album was released in the spring of 1976 (more than a year before "Bollocks," late summer, 1977) and, in my view, should be considered the landmark album that inspired the "punk movement" of the late '70s.