NEW YORK — Dr. Arthur M. Sackler, a research psychiatrist and entrepreneur who became one of the country's leading art collectors and donors, has died of a heart attack at 73.
In the 1960s and 1970s, he established the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery for Early Chinese Stone Sculpture at the Metropolitan Museum and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Princeton Art Gallery.
And in 1985, the Arthur M. Sackler Museum was dedicated at Harvard University.
Born in Brooklyn
Sackler, who died Tuesday, was born in Brooklyn in 1913 and earned degrees at New York University in his two favorite fields, art history and medicine. He became a specialist in biological psychiatry and published, with collaborators, more than 140 research papers, many dealing with the body's impact on mental illness.
He was the first to use ultrasound for diagnosis and identified histamine as a hormone while urging its use as an effective alternative to electric shock treatments for the mentally ill.