LONDON — Iranian opponents of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's revolutionary Islamic regime carried out apparently coordinated attacks in three Western European cities Thursday to protest political repression in their homeland.
In the most serious incident, 11 unarmed representatives of a small, dissident Iranian guerrilla group seized Iran's embassy in Oslo, Norway, holding it for more than two hours before surrendering to police.
Witnesses said they heard a single shot fired during the attack, and NTB, the Norwegian national news agency, reported that three embassy employees suffered minor injuries during skirmishes in the embassy building.
The embassy's charge d'affaires, Mohammed Hadi Ardebili, suffered a head wound but refused hospital treatment, the news agency said.
The dissidents draped a banner out the window with the initials of the group, which calls itself the Iranian People's Fedayeen Guerrilla Organization and is described by Mideast experts as a faction of the old Fedayeen, a guerrilla outfit founded in opposition to the monarchy in 1971. The splintered, Marxist-Leninist Fedayeen is much smaller than the better-known Moujahedeen, the principal anti-Khomeini Iranian organization.
"The main reason for this action is for the political prisoners in Iran," declared a spokesman for the group before the men released their hostages and surrendered to police.
At Frankfurt Airport, West German police said that nine Iranians claiming to be from the Fedayeen group occupied the office of Iran Air, Iran's national airlines, unfurled a banner demanding freedom for political prisoners in Iran and distributed leaflets urging Khomeini's overthrow.
The airline's station manager, the lone employee present when the attack occurred, was treated for shock, but was otherwise unhurt.
The dissidents were detained by police as they tried to escape from the airline office through a rear door. They were released after identity checks, police said.
In Paris, five Iranian nationals took hammers to the thick glass facade of Iran Air's ticket office on the Avenue des Champs Elysees, waved an anti-Khomeini banner and distributed leaflets against the Iranian government, but they failed to get inside the building.
No Detentions, Injuries
"It was all over in 20 minutes," an airline spokesman said. There were no reports of detentions or injuries in the Paris episode.
Middle East analysts here said that the Fedayeen, which is atheistic as well as Marxist-Leninist in orientation, initially supported but later opposed the Khomeini revolution in 1979. Some members of the organization, now estimated by analysts to number only in the hundreds, broke away and resettled, mainly in Northern Europe.
Those who remained in Iran were eventually repressed by the Khomeini government.
"They are a small, marginal group numerically," said Vahy Petrosian, who writes on Iranian affairs for the respected Middle East Economic Digest, published in London.
Petrosian and other regional specialists were unable to recall any similar previous violent protests carried out by the group.
However, the British Broadcasting Corp. reported Thursday evening that a spokesman for the organization said further anti-Khomeini protests were planned in other countries, including the United States and Canada.