A modest historic plaque marks the site of the Manzanar internship camp on U.S. 395 just north of Lone Pine in the Owens Valley. From the road, there is no other sign that this was the place where thousands of Japanese-Americans were imprisoned during World War II by a fearful nation to make certain that they did not commit some imagined treachery. Fly over Manzanar, however, and the evidence of the camp is striking. The outlines of the peripheral fences, streets and buildings still are firmly etched into the harsh desert terrain.
So, too, is the experience of Manzanar and other camps etched into the psyche of the loyal Americans who were relocated from the West Coast in 1942--their homes, farms and businesses taken from them. On the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives on Thursday, Rep. Robert T. Matsui (D-Sacramento) said that the shame of internship was so traumatic that "my father was not able to talk about this subject for 40 years."