Between 1929 and 1932, Stalin's Communist Party crushed the Soviet Union's peasant farmers and the Ukrainian nation by means of dispossession, the collectivization of private property and the deliberate starvation of millions.
If the peasant took (his) grain to the local nationalized mill, it would go to the government. So local artisans constructed "hand mills." When these were found, the constructor and user were arrested. . . .
With or without such implements, extraordinary "bread" was made--for example sunflower oil cake soaked in water, but with millet and buckwheat chaff, and a little rye flour to hold it together. A Soviet novelist gives us a scene in which the peasant chops up a cask which had formerly held fat and boils it to get any residue which may be in the wood. As a result, the family have the best meal they can remember.
Another tells of how "babki," a game with cattlebones, played by children from time immemorial, died out when all the old bones were "steamed in cauldrons, ground up and eaten."