BOSTON — President John F. Kennedy overruled his advisers and decided to resolve the Cuban missile crisis through diplomacy rather than an air strike against the missile sites or invasion of the island, according to documents being made public this week.
The documents, to be released Wednesday by the Kennedy presidential library in Boston, are transcripts from meetings of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council on Oct. 27, 1962, the day before Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev announced that he would remove the missiles from Cuba.
The documents represent the latest information to surface about the crisis, which brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. Earlier this month at a Harvard University conference, a Soviet expert on the situation said that the Soviet Union installed the missiles out of fear that the United States was preparing to invade Cuba.
The presidential library documents show that Kennedy wanted to resolve the standoff through a diplomatic trade--he would promise to remove U.S. missiles from Turkey in exchange for the Soviets removing their missiles from Cuba.