At the first sign of pregnancy, Sonia Iranpoor was delighted. Immediately, she felt an overwhelming desire to protect and nurture this precious new life. She knew that she should see a doctor soon.
But trying to get an appointment at a public health clinic in Los Angeles County can be a cruel experience, she discovered. She never did get one.
"I was so upset," she recalled in a recent interview. "I know how important it is to take care of the baby before it is born. I may be poor, but I will pay for this care, anything for my baby."
Iranpoor first tried calling for an appointment on the day before Christmas last December, when she was two months' pregnant.
Called 'Every Five Minutes'
She said she tried "calling and calling and calling, every five minutes" to schedule an appointment at the Hollywood-Wilshire Health Center.
The clinic, at 5205 Melrose Ave., sets aside one day a month to take calls for prenatal appointments.
When she finally got through, just before the office closed on Christmas Eve, she was told that all appointments were booked and advised to call back on Jan. 26.
On that date, Iranpoor said she started calling before the clinic opened at 8 a.m. and continued "calling, calling, calling." But the line was always busy. In frustration, she headed over to the clinic.
Five other pregnant women were there trying to get appointments, too, she recalled. One told Iranpoor that she had been trying to get prenatal care for months and was now bleeding during her seventh month of pregnancy.
Iranpoor hastened over to the patient intake window to ask for an appointment, but her query was refused. She was told that she had to make an appointment over the phone.
So she clutched her purse and headed down the hall for the clinic pay phone. The line continued to be busy. She left, angry and tearful.
With the help of friends, Iranpoor finally found prenatal care at a Planned Parenthood clinic and recently delivered a healthy 8-pound, 9-ounce boy.
Dr. Dorris Harris, north area chief for the county health department, described the prenatal care situation at the Hollywood-Wilshire Health Center as "cruddy" and said there has been no improvement since December, when Sonia Iranpoor tried to schedule an appointment.
Harris said additional funds recently approved by the Board of Supervisors to help ease the prenatal care crunch countywide will definitely help, but she fears that they may prove to be "just a finger in the dike."
Prenatal visits at county clinics jumped 48% between 1983 and 1987--from 157,000 visits a year to 232,000.
ORA INSERT STARTS HERE The situation is no better in Orange County, where about 2,000 women are expected to go without any prenatal care this year. Although the county increased its funding for prenatal services--budgeting for only 900 women in 1983 but up to 2,350 in 1987--deputy public health director Leonard M. Foster Jr. said an increasing percentage of pregnant women will receive no prenatal care.
And that means more low-weight, high-risk babies, said Dr. Manuel Porto, director of Orange County's regional perinatal program at UCI Medical Center. "There's no question that if we improved access to prenatal care, we could do a heck of a better job at improving prematurity, which is our No. 1 problem," Porto said.
With the growing demand for prenatal care, Los Angeles County has fallen far behind in meeting its goal of making women wait no more than two weeks for prenatal appointments at the clinics.
At the urging of Supervisor Ed Edelman, the board recently allocated an extra $1 million to the clinics for 47 additional medical personnel. With the extra funds, the clinics are expected to reduce appointment backlogs and provide prenatal care to 15,750 new patients.
More money will help, but it will not necessarily solve the problem.
Not a Panacea
"I don't see this as a panacea. I don't see $1 million or even $5 million as the solution," said Larry Roberts, deputy director for health center operations of the county. "As a rule, the more capacity we create, the more patients we get."
A survey by the Southern California Child Health Network last summer found a 16-week wait for women using the Hollywood-Wilshire Health Center, 12 weeks at the Hubert Humphrey Comprehensive Health Center and 10 weeks at clinics in North Hollywood, Lawndale and Canoga Park. Only three of the 13 clinics surveyed had waits of less than six weeks.
Sometimes, getting the first appointment required two trips: one to fill out forms for an appointment and another for a physical examination. Some clinics take calls for appointments only during the last week of each month.
Typically, openings were filled on the first day, and women unable to make appointments had to wait an entire month before they could try again. In many cases, the telephone lines were busy for hours at a stretch, the survey found.