WASHINGTON — With one Supreme Court nominee lost to an attack from the left and a second downed by the right, President Reagan on Saturday faced a depleted list of prospects, a narrowed playing field and a political calendar that is beginning to work against him.
"We would hope to have a nominee early next week," said a White House official who asked not to be identified, "although I really can't say for sure when."
The two other finalists from two weeks ago, when the President made the ill-fated decision to nominate Douglas H. Ginsburg, both have political black marks against them.
Anthony M. Kennedy, 51, a federal appeals judge from Sacramento, was opposed by conservatives led by Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N. C.).
And William W. Wilkins Jr., 45, a federal appeals judge from South Carolina, had strong opposition within the Justice Department. He made the final cut largely as a favor to Sen. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, the senior Republican on the Senate Judiciary Committee.
"Obviously, Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Wilkins will be considered," the White House official said. "There will be others . . . but I think it's fair to say that those are the most likely . . . leading candidates."
Ginsburg withdrew Saturday after conservatives turned against him when he revealed that he had used marijuana as a Harvard Law School professor. Ginsburg, Kennedy and Wilkins had been the three finalists from a list of 13 candidates whose names were circulated among Republican senators.
"We have a very excellent list of very able and highly qualified candidates," Atty. Gen. Edwin Meese III told reporters Saturday. "There could be other names added, but I haven't heard of any."
A Justice Department official said that he would not rule out the possibility that Reagan would go outside the list of 13 candidates, although he said that opposition to some others on the list had not been so strong as to prevent their being reconsidered.
Among those possibilities are two other federal appellate judges: Ralph Winter, 52, of New Haven, Conn., and Laurence H. Silberman, 52, who serves on the same circuit court here with Ginsburg and Robert H. Bork. Bork, Reagan's first nominee to fill the Supreme Court vacancy created last June by the resignation of Lewis F. Powell Jr., was defeated by the Senate, 58 to 42, after a liberal assault on his record.
Silberman served as undersecretary of labor, deputy attorney general and ambassador to Yugoslavia during the Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford administrations and then became a San Francisco banker before Reagan named him to the court.
Attacked by Conservatives
Winter, a former colleague and friend of Bork at Yale Law School, has drawn some conservative fire because he wrote a 1974 law review article that appeared to some readers to question the Meese-endorsed doctrine that the Constitution should be interpreted according to the "original intent" of its authors.
Intensifying the Administration's predicament is the political calendar. The Senate Judiciary Committee, which had set Dec. 7 for the beginning of Ginsburg's confirmation hearings, will probably now have to wait until next year to hold hearings on the new nominee.
If the next nominee is as controversial as the previous two, drawn-out hearings could push the final Senate vote into the heart of the presidential election season, when Senate Democrats may feel tempted to turn down any Reagan nominee in the hope that a Democratic President would be elected and could then fill the court vacancy.
It was not clear Saturday whether Meese, after the embarrassing pullout of Ginsburg and the defeat of Bork by the largest negative vote cast by the Senate on a Supreme Court nominee, would continue to be the key adviser on Reagan's next choice of a nominee.
Conservative columnist James J. Kilpatrick called on Meese Saturday to resign for bungling the Ginsburg nomination. "And when they get around to picking the next nominee," Kilpatrick said on the television show "Agronsky & Company," "I hope Ed Meese is not within 100 miles of the White House."
Meese's problems are compounded by demoralization among his young conservative staff members at the Justice Department. They have seen first Bork, their teacher and hero, and now Ginsburg, a personal friend, laid low.
"After what happened, it could be very difficult to pick another solid conservative," said a Justice Department official and strong supporter of the Bork and Ginsburg selections.
In the selection process so far, the Administration has allowed interest groups on the right to veto prospective candidates. Now, a Justice Department official said, the question will be "how seriously" those objections will be taken.
In particular, the official said, it was too soon to say whether Kennedy, the Sacramento jurist, could overcome the strong objections to his candidacy that Helms and other conservative senators raised just as it appeared that he, not Ginsburg, would be nominated.