In October, 1888, one hot afternoon we found Claremont entirely grown up to tall weeds, with three inhabited houses, as many more unoccupied buildings, and the big, empty hotel. I sat on the lowest step of the big staircase, waiting and dreading the coming life in these new and desolate surroundings. I wept some hot tears down my baby's neck.
--From the journal of Mrs. Edwin
Clarence Norton, wife of the first
dean of Pomona College.
On the day the dean's wife wept, Pomona College was 1 year old and caught in a real-estate market collapse that dashed the founders' hopes for a new campus.
Opened in 1887 with 30 students in a rented five-room cottage in Pomona, the school was hopelessly short of funds. It survived only because a failed development company offered Pomona College the unfinished Claremont Hotel and 260 barren lots surrounding it.
The hotel at first housed the entire college--as dormitory, classrooms and faculty home. Today it is Pomona College's administration building. The land, which was covered with sagebrush, is now home to six colleges in a unique cluster called the Claremont Colleges.
As it begins a year-long celebration of its centennial, Pomona College has attracted visitors from all over the country.
Speaking at the Oct. 14 Founders Day celebration, Kingman Brewster, master of University College at Oxford University in England, former Yale University president and former U. S. ambassador to the United Kingdom, lauded Pomona College and the Claremont group as a model for higher education.
Academic leaders continually visit the cluster to find out how one small, private college could plant the seed for five others.
College officials hope that a seventh school will be built in the next decade.
Last month, Claremont Graduate School, the second-oldest college in the group, dedicated its new Peter F. Drucker Graduate Management Center. The center, with leading industrialists and businessmen on its board, is named for the school's widely known professor, author and innovator in business management.
Local historians say the Claremont cluster was the result of one man's vision.
James A. Blaisdell, president of Pomona College from 1910 to 1928, was intent on creating a group of colleges patterned after Oxford and Cambridge in England. He was a strong and persuasive leader who "made people feel like he was doing them a favor by getting them to give money," according to a history of Scripps College, the third school formed.
Blaisdell's dream became a consortium of five undergraduate liberal arts colleges and a graduate school, each operating independently yet sharing major facilities and programs. Like their English models, the schools are small and specialized. Yet by sharing libraries, auditoriums, science laboratories and health services, and meeting many other common needs, they offer benefits found elsewhere only in large universities.
Besides Pomona, the cluster includes the Claremont Graduate School, founded in 1925, one of three institutions in the country that grant only master's and doctoral degrees; Scripps College, founded in 1926, a women's school specializing in humanities and the arts; Claremont McKenna College, founded in 1946, specializing in economics and political science; Harvey Mudd College, opened in 1957, which offers degrees in engineering and science, and Pitzer College, founded in 1963, which focuses on the social and behavioral sciences.
Each school has its own board of trustees, as does the Claremont University Center, which governs joint facilities and has a committee that plans for the future.
Students enroll in one college but are allowed to take courses in any of them.
"There's a lot of interaction--I've taken classes on every campus," said Brighid Brady, a senior at Scripps. "You can make it any way you want--you can take all your courses on your own campus, or all of them off."
Jennifer Eberhardt, a senior majoring in international relations at Pitzer, said: "I chose this school because I could design my own major. I take a lot of classes at Pomona and Scripps."
The campuses cover 317 acres and are contiguous, with no boundaries or gates separating them from each other or from the town of Claremont. They have a total of 3.2 million square feet of building space.
If the Claremont consortium lacks anything, it is emphasis on sports. Most Claremont athletic teams are made up of students from more than one school, and none make headlines on sports pages.
Since World War II and the founding of Claremont McKenna College, the cluster has rated high academically, yet in some parts of the country it is still little known.
There are no similar groupings in this country. Several colleges near Amherst, Mass., share some facilities, as do those in another group in Atlanta, Ga. The University of California campuses at Santa Cruz and San Diego were patterned after the Claremont cluster in some ways, with separate schools but central facilities, such as libraries and athletic fields.