The new book by Mikhail S. Gorbachev, "Perestroika: Our Hopes for Our Nation and the World," is the bold manifesto of a Soviet leader who may be launching a second Soviet revolution, Times staff writer Robert Scheer reports in a review on the front page of today's Book Review.
Writing from Moscow, where he obtained an early copy of the book that will be published in the United States later this week, Scheer says the book links the resolution of the Soviet Union's543453037Soviets' Cold War policy and offers the deepest insight yet available into what Gorbachev hopes to achieve at the Dec. 7 summit with President Reagan.
Perestroika --the Russian word for reconstruction--is Gorbachev's response to what he calls the "absurd situation" of the world's leading steel producer suffering steel shortages and the world's largest grain grower suffering grain shortages.
"Our rockets can find Halley's Comet and fly to Venus with amazing accuracy," Gorbachev writes, "but side by side with these scientific and technological triumphs is an obvious lack of efficiency in using scientific achievements for economic needs. . . . "