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The Washington Summit : A Pact 'to Help Reduce the Risk of War'

December 09, 1987

WASHINGTON Here are excerpts from the text of the treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union on the elimination of their intermediate-range and shorter-range missiles. Material in brackets is paraphrased:

The United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, hereinafter referred to as the Parties,

Conscious that nuclear war would have devastating consequences for all mankind,

Guided by the objective of strengthening strategic stability,

Convinced that the measures set forth in this Treaty will help to reduce the risk of outbreak of war and strengthen international peace and security, and

Mindful of their obligations under Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,

Have agreed as follows:

Article I

In accordance with the provisions of this Treaty, which includes the Memorandum of Understanding and Protocols (governing elimination of missiles and verification by inspection) which form an integral part thereof, each Party shall eliminate its intermediate-range and shorter-range missiles, not have such systems thereafter, and carry out the other obligations set forth in this Treaty.

Article II

(Formal definitions of "ground-launched ballistic missile (GLBM)" and "ground-launched cruise missile (GLCM)" and other technical terms used in the Treaty.)

Article III

1. For the purpose of this Treaty, existing types of intermediate-range missiles are (the U.S. Pershing-2 and the BGM-109G ground-launched cruise missile, and the Soviet SS-20, SS-4 and SS-5 missiles known by their Soviet designations respectively as RSD-10, R-12 and R-14.)

2. For the purposes of this Treaty, existing types of shorter-range missiles are (the U.S. Pershing 1A and the Soviet OTR-22 and OTR-23 missiles, known by their American designations as the SS-12 and SS-23.)

Article IV

1. Each Party shall eliminate all its intermediate-range missiles and launchers of such missiles (and related support structures and equipment) . . . so that no later than three years after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter no such missiles, launchers, support structures or support equipment shall be possessed by either Party.

2. (Both Parties shall implement reductions in two phases so that:)

(A) by the end of the first phase, that is, no later than 29 months after entry into force of this Treaty:

(i) The number of deployed launchers of intermediate-range missiles for each Party shall not exceed the number . . . capable of carrying or containing at one time missiles considered by the Parties to carry 171 warheads;

(ii) The number of deployed intermediate-range missiles for each Party shall not exceed the number of such missiles considered by the Parties to carry 180 warheads;

(iii) The aggregate number of deployed and non-deployed launchers of intermediate-range missiles for each Party shall not exceed the number . . . capable of carrying or containing at one time missiles considered by the Parties to carry 200 warheads;

(iv) The aggregate number of deployed and non-deployed intermediate-range missiles for each Party shall not exceed the number of such missiles considered by the Parties to carry 200 warheads; and

(v) The ratio of the aggregate number of deployed and non-deployed intermediate-range GLBMs of existing types for each Party to the aggregate number of deployed and non-deployed intermediate-range missiles of existing types possessed by that Party shall not exceed the ratio of such intermediate-range GLBMs to such intermediate-range missiles for that Party as of Nov. 1, 1987, as set forth in the Memorandum of Understanding; and

(B) by the end of the second phase, that is, no later than three years after entry into force of this Treaty, all intermediate-range missiles of each Party, launchers of such missiles and all support structures and support equipment of the categories listed in the Memorandum and launchers, shall be eliminated.

Article V

1. Each Party shall eliminate (within 18 months) all its shorter-range missiles and launchers of such missiles, and all support equipment of the categories listed in the Memorandum of Understanding associated with such missiles and launchers. . . .

2. (The two Parties shall, within 90 days of entry into force of this Treaty, complete the removal of all deployed shorter-range missiles and deployed and non-deployed launchers of such missiles to elimination facilities and kept at these locations until they are eliminated in accordance with procedures set forth in the Protocol on Elimination. Shorter-range missiles not yet deployed are to be moved to elimination facilities within 12 months.)

3. (Shorter-range missiles and their launchers are to be kept at separate elimination sites, at least 1,000 kilometers, or 600 miles apart.)

Article VI

1. Upon entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, neither Party shall:

(A) produce or flight test any intermediate-range missiles or produce any stages of such missiles or any launchers of such missiles; or

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