Based on a recent survey conducted by the Emergency Food and Shelter Program of Orange County, approximately 8,500 homeless people countywide are receiving emergency shelter and temporary housing assistance on a monthly basis.
The homeless are defined as "persons with no true permanent address," including those living in cars, parks, under bridges and in doorways; transients; shared housing agreements, and interim arrangements such as renting motel rooms.
Fogarty called Orange County's situation "different than traditional homeless populations" in California
and throughout the country. "The typical homeless indigent is usually a single, white male and/or female or a person who is mentally ill. We are dealing with a growing number of middle-class and working poor families facing hard times because of the county's high cost of living, the overall economy and loss of service trade jobs," he said.
Government funding for emergency shelters and temporary housing assistance is based on the unemployment rate and the 1980 census. However, Fogarty said future surveys would be used to encourage the Federal Emergency Management Agency to provide funding based on needs assessments.
Orange Coast Inter-Faith Shelter
(requests address not be listed)
A Costa Mesa-based emergency shelter for families with children. The nine-unit apartment complex houses 12 families at a time for up to 60 days. Shelter advisors assist clients to find employment and clients must save 80% of their earnings. The facility averages 70 to 75 persons per night at an estimated $5.40 per person. A short-term respite care (shelter for three nights and hot meals) is also available.
Salvation Army Hospitality House of Orange County
818 E. Third St., Santa Ana
Operating since the mid-1960s, the shelter has separate facilities for men and women with children and operates on a first-come basis. Proof of residency is required. Hot meals are provided and most clients average three nights. Depending on nature of emergency, families may be placed in a motel. At least 55% of all clients are on a work program. Employed individuals who are saving toward first and last month rent may be eligible to stay up to 30 days.
Irvine Temporary Housing, Inc.
(requests address not be listed)
Transitional housing available for families for up to 90 days. Clients are housed in furnished two-and-three bedroom units in five apartment buildings in Irvine. Families must demonstrate a willingness to become self-sufficient, while working and living together. The agency also provides family counseling, medical treatment, employment assistance and food. Intake by phone call. Officials said the program has an 85% success rate.
Placentia Human Services
974 S. Melrose Ave., Placentia
The city's Division of Human Services provides limited emergency assistance for up to two weeks through a voucher system. Clients must be Placentia residents who are experiencing financial and/or emotional crisis.
Christian Temporary Housing, Inc. 704 N. Glassell St., Orange
393 S. Tustin Ave., Tustin
The oldest family shelter in Orange County was founded 11 years ago. The facility cares for families with children only for up to 60 nights. Clients must be "homeless" and living in the street. The safe haven atmosphere gives children a sense of home and the opportunity to attend school. Adults having an address and telephone number actively seek work and save toward first and last month's rent. Clients receive a weekly evaluation to determine progress. According to a spokesman, the program provides 2,000 shelter nights per month. Staff members are former homeless individuals.
P.O. Box 1234, Tustin
An independent Christian organization with shelters in Garden Grove and Tustin, caring for single women with children for two to three weeks. Since many clients are battered women, location of the apartment-like facilities are undisclosed. In some cases, clients can stay up to two months. Write or call for additional information.
Lutheran Social Services
215 N. Lemon St., Fullerton
12432 9th St., Garden Grove
Helps families having financial difficulity with move-in and/or eviction costs. Assistance is provided largely through the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The program does not have geographical limitations. Recipients are required to have some funds.
Community Resource Center
115 W. La Habra Blvd., La Habra
A nonprofit organization of churches and service clubs staffed by volunteers to provide vouchers for emergency housing and referrals for medical care and food.
Orange County Rescue Mission
1901 N. Walnut St., Santa Ana (for men)
(address for battered women's shelter confidential)