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Sales of Existing Homes Tumbled 4.5% Last Month

December 29, 1987|Associated Press

WASHINGTON — Sales of existing homes dropped 4.5% in November for the biggest decline since June, a real estate trade group said Monday, blaming the weakness on volatile interest rates and jitters caused by the stock market collapse.

The National Assn. of Realtors said existing, single-family homes were sold at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 3.41 million units last month following increases of 3.5% in October and 1.2% in September.

The nationwide resale price for homes declined as well, falling $600 to a median price of $84,200 in November. That figure, the midpoint for all such sales, was still 4.7% higher than a year ago.

Analysts were disappointed by the November drop in sales, which was the largest since a 7.2% fall in June. Some predicted further declines in the months ahead, citing nervousness about the economy generated by the record plunge in stock prices and rising mortgage rates.

The housing industry is being closely watched following the stock market turmoil because many economists believe home sales closely reflect changes in consumer confidence. The government will report on November sales of new homes on Wednesday.

"This indicates home buyers may have become cautious, reflecting a reluctance to take on the commitment of a big mortgage," said David Wyss, an economist with Data Resources Inc., in Lexington, Mass.

The decline in existing home sales was particularly disappointing because many economists had been expecting that unusually warm weather in November and declining mortgage rates would boost resales during the month. But others said the unusual volatility of mortgage rates through the fall has generated uncertainty among potential buyers.

"Today's report reflects a 'wait-and-see attitude' on the part of buyers in the wake of October's stock market crash and fluctuating mortgage interest rates," said Nestor R. Weigand Jr. of Wichita, Kan., president of the Realtors association.

All regions of the country posted sales declines in November. Sales were down 6.3% in the West to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 600,000 units. They fell 4.3% in the Northeast to an annual rate of 660,000 units and dropped 4.3% in the Midwest.

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