Melissa Sherwood wanted to learn more about the world of her ancestors, so this fall she enrolled in an Armenian-language class at California State University, Northridge.
Lebanese emigrant Peter Tashjian signed up for the course so he could brush up on the Armenian he had learned as a child.
And Mary Burunsuzyan, who spoke an eastern Armenian dialect in her Soviet Armenia homeland, took the course to learn the western Armenian dialect that is more commonly heard in the United States.
Although their reasons for taking the class are different, the three are united on one issue--they want the CSUN foreign languages department to add Armenian to its regular curriculum and pay their professor's salary.
For five years, the students say, the Armenian class has been treated like the university's stepchild. CSUN has never paid the instructor's salary, leaving the Armenian Students Assn. responsible for an honorarium of $800 to $1,200 each semester. The only thing CSUN has provided is a classroom.
"The system is not fair," Burunsuzyan said. "Why should French and Spanish professors be paid by the university and not the Armenian professor?"
"We want to protect our heritage, and we are willing to do anything to keep our class," student Sean Khachatryan said.
This year, for the first time, Armenian was offered for credit on an experimental basis through the foreign languages department and, as a result, was listed in the college catalogue. Thirty-seven students signed up, more than three times the number who enrolled the previous semester. But despite the growing interest, the future of the once-a-week class remains uncertain.
The foreign languages department does not have the $14,000 a year needed to hire a part-time Armenian-language professor, department Chairman Alvin Ford said.
The department is limiting its offerings to commonly studied languages such as French, Spanish, German, Russian and Hebrew. In the next few years, Ford said, his department will inaugurate courses in Japanese and Chinese as part of the university's attempt to strengthen ties with Asian universities and businesses.
A Swahili class is offered by the Pan-African Studies Department, and Assyrian is offered through the CSUN extension program.
But, since the university has no plans to add an Armenian-language professorship, the students worry that it will become increasingly difficult to attract academically qualified volunteers to teach the class for a small honorarium. What's more, students say they cannot raise enough money on a regular basis to pay an instructor even a minimal $800 a semester.
"If the university doesn't pay the salary, we are going to lose a good thing," Garegin Kuyumjian said.
"It's unfair to make us pay the teacher's salary," Tashjian added. "We're students; we don't have money."
Ford would like to solve the problem by establishing an endowment that would use private contributions to pay the instructor's salary. That way, the faculty could be enlarged without the burden of another salary. But establishing an endowment is no sure thing.
Some educators say it is more difficult for state-supported schools such as CSUN to attract contributions because donors are more likely to believe that private universities have a greater need.
Without an endowment, Ford said, there is little likelihood that the department will add Armenian-language classes.
"We simply do not have the funds to be all things to all people," he said.
Interest in the language has grown as the number of Armenian students at CSUN has increased. There are about 750 students of Armenian descent among CSUN's 21,000 full-time students, Armenian student leaders say.
Although ethnic pride among the Armenian students has played a large part in the popularity of the class, educators say there are solid academic reasons for offering Armenian at any college.
Used by Researchers
Biblical scholars frequently study Armenian in order to read one of the earliest translations of the Bible, said Dickran Kouymjian, director of the Armenian studies program at California State University, Fresno. Armenian is also used by researchers studying Middle Eastern literature.
Anthropologist Margaret Mead, who considered Armenian an easy language to master, had recommended that it be adopted as a universal second language instead of Esperanto, a language developed in the 1880s.
"People perceive Armenian as some exotic language. It's not," Kouymjian said. "It is an extremely important language, just as important as French, Spanish or German."
Recognizing that it was important, Harvard University in 1959 became the first American college to establish a separate Armenian studies program. Armenian language and cultural courses are also taught at UCLA, the University of California, Berkeley and Columbia University.