The chief judge of a federal appeals court has no special powers. He is truly a first among equals, establishing an agenda for the court only through the consent of his colleagues.
The chief judge does chair the circuit's governing council, reviews complaints about judicial misconduct throughout the circuit and sits on the national Judicial Conference, which oversees federal court administration. The chief judge also sits on every en banc panel that decides some of the circuit's most important cases and assigns the writing of opinions for every panel on which he serves when he is in the majority.
James R. Browning's decision to step down as chief judge of the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals was carefully timed to ensure that Judge Alfred T. Goodwin would succeed him.
Must Step Down at 70
By law, the chief judge must step down at age 70, to be replaced by the judge who is next most senior in service, so long as that judge has not yet reached the age of 65.