In addition to naming as a defendant "The Commission of La Cosa Nostra," the alleged ruling body of organized crime, the suit names many prominent reputed Mafia leaders, including Anthony (Tony Pro) Provenzano, Matthew (Matty the Horse) Ianniello, Joseph (Joey the Clown) Lombardo, Anthony (Tony Ripe) Civella and Carmine (The Snake) Persico.
The complaint charged that the current Teamster general executive board members, through various acts and failures to act, have permitted members and associates of La Cosa Nostra to maintain control over the international union and certain of its locals.
Giuliani minimized a verdict in May by a federal jury in Manhattan that rejected government charges in a criminal case that two Teamster elections had been corrupted by organized crime. In that trial, Anthony (Fat Tony) Salerno, reputed boss of the Genovese Mafia family, was found guilty on other counts but acquitted of having fixed the Williams and Presser elections.
Giuliani contended that the government had additional evidence to present in this case and noted that a lesser standard of proof is required to win a civil verdict--preponderance of the evidence--as opposed to the stricter standard--guilt beyond a reasonable doubt--in a criminal trial.