It was a stormy struggle in which the Democrats cited Manion's lack of experience and his political views, which were characterized as extremist. In the 1970s, Manion had appeared on radio and television shows with his father, Clarence Manion, a founder of the John Birch Society. Quayle argued forcefully that Reagan had "a right to appoint judges who share his judicial philosophy."
Manion was confirmed on a 50-49 vote, with Bush casting a symbolic tie-breaking vote.
As a member of the Senate Labor Committee, Quayle helped in 1982 to devise and enact a successor program to the controversial Comprehensive Employment and Training Act. In doing so, he worked closely with liberal Democratic Sen. Edward M. Kennedy--a relationship that has produced compromises on other issues as well.
Prior to his reelection in 1986, he led a drive to prevent the medical profession from becoming dominated by specialists. Congress eventually adopted a weak version of his proposal to create a council of medical professionals to determine how many doctors should be trained in various categories
Tends to Constituents
Back in Indiana, Quayle is a popular politician because he diligently takes care of his constituents, according to a former opponent. But organized labor, which has battled the anti-union stance of his powerful newspaper family for years, is no fan of Quayle.
"I shudder to think of Dan Quayle as vice president of the United States," said Don Strack, president of the Central Labor Council in Ft. Wayne.
According to Quayle's latest annual financial disclosure report, filed with the Senate Ethics Committee, he holds more than $250,000 worth of stock in Central Newspapers Inc. of Indianapolis, the family business. His wife also has holdings in the company of between $100,000 and $250,000.
The senator receives stock dividends of up to $15,000 annually from his holdings in Central Newspapers. He also reported earning $2,625 last year as a vice president and director of Huntington Newspapers Inc.
Quayle said he has deposits of up to $15,000 at Community State Bank in Huntington, in addition to retirement accounts for himself and his wife that total more than $50,000.
Active on the lecture circuit, he reported receiving $49,255 in honorariums last year, mostly from speeches he gave to industry groups such as Anheuser-Busch Companies Inc., the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Assn. and the American Mining Congress. Of this sum, he donated $14,302 to charity, leaving net receipts of $34,953.
The Quayle-Redford similarity has been noted so often that the actor wrote to the senator in 1980 demanding that he stop making the comparison. But Quayle, who blames the media for constantly bringing up the look-alike issue, responded by sending the actor an autographed photo of himself.
Staff writers Robert L. Jackson, Doyle McManus and Karen Tumulty, and researchers Norma Kaufman and Edith Stanley, contributed to this story.