This ambitious, speculative work won the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction in 1978. Edward O. Wilson, professor of science at Harvard University, is probably best known as a proponent for the discipline of sociobiology, which combines biological principles with the social sciences.
"On Human Nature" applies Darwin's evolutionary theory to social organization--to heredity, sex, altruism, religion, aggression--with fascinating conclusions. Wilson points out that since "we are no longer hunter-gatherers who settle disputes with spears, . . . violent aggression is largely obsolete." But instincts can't simply be banished: "We can only work our way around them."