AZUSA — In the end, it was the kind of truce that let none of the combatants claim a clear victory. A few called it defeat.
After months of legal and political saber-rattling among Azusa, neighboring Duarte and the Azusa Rock Co., a compromise negotiated by the three was approved by the Azusa City Council on Monday. It will allow the quarry company to continue mining Fish Canyon under 13 conditions designed to mitigate noise and dust pollution.
Tense Chapter Ends
Despite a unanimous recommendation from the Azusa Planning Commission in September that the city revoke the 32-year-old mining permit, the council voted 3 to 2 to accept the mitigation proposal, ending a tense chapter in relations between the cities. The proposal will limit where and when mining is done, redirect gravel truck traffic, limit blasting and give the city more control over the operation.
Duarte officials who attended the council meeting said they approved the compromise and will no longer press Azusa to revoke the quarry's operating permit. Duarte and a group of Azusa residents had mounted a campaign to close the quarry nine months ago.
Fear of Lawsuit
Azusa officials, fearing a lawsuit from Azusa Rock or Duarte, had sought the compromise to allow mining of the 190-acre site but lessen its harmful impact. Azusa stood to lose an estimated $100,000 a year in taxes if the quarry was closed. As expected, the compromise received mixed reviews.
"I honestly believe mitigation addresses the concerns, giving a victory to all parties concerned," said Azusa Councilman Tony D. Naranjo. It was Naranjo who first proposed in October that the city forgo spending $100,000 for environmental studies in favor of negotiations with Azusa Rock and Duarte.
But leaders of the Committee to Save the Foothills, an Azusa citizens group opposed to continued quarrying, blasted the compromise and said they are considering a legal challenge to the quarry.
"The compromise is meager, absolutely nothing," said Carol Montano, a leader of the group. "As far as we're concerned, the residents of Azusa have won zero." The committee monitored the compromise negotiations but did not participate.
Azusa Rock President Tom Sheedy said he was relieved by the outcome. He said that while the compromise will make the quarry less profitable, it will allow the company to continue without the constant threat of closure.
"We gave away quite a bit," he said. "But by the same token, we can't stand being in court every couple of years. It's a reasonable trade-off."
Officials from Duarte, whose legal expenses may end up totaling $80,000 for consultants and fees, tried to put the best face on the outcome.
Duarte Mayor John Hitt denied a disappointed resident's assessment that the city "drove 99 yards and punted."
"Maybe we didn't make a touchdown, but we got a field goal," he said. "Our goal was always to alleviate the impact on our citizens. We feel we got 80 to 90% of what we started out for.
"Many people would see us as capitulating, when in reality," Duarte got what it set out to accomplish, Hitt said.
Azusa council members Harry L. Stemrich and Jennie Avila along with Naranjo approved the compromise. Mayor Eugene F. Moses, who had earlier advocated that the city sue to close the quarry, and Councilman Bruce Latta voted against it.
But Latta, who in April asked the council to look into revoking the quarry's permit, said it became obvious during the hearings that the council majority was not in favor of revocation.
"I didn't see it getting revoked," he said. "So, I think the mitigation measures were a good compromise."
While acknowledging the environmental problems the quarry poses, Naranjo said the five months of Planning Commission hearings did not yield the evidence needed to justify revoking the firm's permit to operate.
"In my opinion, evidence must be stronger to take vested rights from a property owner," he said.
Naranjo blamed both Azusa and Duarte for allowing the conflict to begin. He said the 1956 Azusa City Council should never have allowed the quarry to open, while Duarte should not have built homes on Encanto Parkway, an established route for the quarry's gravel trucks.
Under the compromise conditions, which the council will formalize in December, Azusa Rock has agreed to a series of measures that will reduce dust and noise pollution along Encanto Parkway that include:
Building a new quarry access road along the San Gabriel River bed east of Encanto Parkway within the next year. The road will be augmented by a conveyor belt system, which will transport Azusa Rock's unprocessed material to the Owl Rock Co. in a processing arrangement worked out by the companies.
Army Corps Authority
The river bed is administered by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and all construction would be subject to the federal government's approval. Roy E. Bruckner, Azusa's director of community development, said the Army has indicated a willingness to work with Azusa and the quarry company if all federal requirements are met.