A. Bartlett Giamatti, the seventh commissioner of professional baseball and a former president of Yale University, died of an apparent heart attack Friday. He was 51.
Giamatti was stricken in mid-afternoon at his vacation home in Edgartown, Mass., on Martha's Vineyard.
State police responded to a call from a family member and found Giamatti unconscious and in full cardiac arrest, officer Byron Rizos said.
"CPR was initiated but there was no response," Rizos said.
Giamatti was taken by ambulance to Martha's Vineyard Hospital where he was pronounced dead at 4:32 p.m., "after all-out efforts to resuscitate him failed," Matthew Stackpole, the hospital's director of development, said.
Giamatti, a chain smoker who once said that cigarettes were his primary vice and who resisted the efforts of a number of baseball owners who tried to get him to quit smoking, had left New York Friday morning to spend the Labor Day weekend on the popular vacation island.
"I dropped him off at noon on Martha's Vineyard and he seemed fine," deputy commissioner Francis T. Vincent Jr., who traveled to New England with Giamatti, said. "This is a tremendous shock. He was a uniquely talented man who had great friends and admirers. It's a serious loss for the country, the sport and his family." Giamatti was an authority on Renaissance literature and a man who could discuss Dante and the infield fly rule with equal ease. He spent two years as National League president before being elected to a five-year term as commissioner in a unanimous vote of the 26 owners Sept. 8, 1988.
He succeeded Peter V. Ueberroth on April 1 of this year. He is the first commissioner to die in office since Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who died Nov. 25, 1944.
Like Giamatti, Landis made his mark with a lifetime ban, against Shoeless Joe Jackson and seven other members of the infamous Chicago Black Sox who were accused of taking money from a gambler to throw the 1919 World Series.
"Baseball has been deprived today of the services of its finest commissioner in history," Ueberroth, vacationing in Paris, said in a statement released through his Newport, Calif., office. "Bart Giamatti encompassed everything that is good and enduring about America's favorite pastime. For this man of words, courage and deeds . . . no words can express the loss."
Giamatti's five-month tenure was three years shorter than any of his six predecessors and was dominated by the investigation into the alleged gambling activities of Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose, who received a lifetime suspension from Giamatti nine days ago.
Atty. Robert A. Pitcairn Jr., in a statement issued Friday on Rose's behalf, said Rose was "deeply saddened" by the news of Giamatti's death.
"In spite of their dispute, Pete had great personal respect for the commissioner. He extends his deepest sympathy to Commissioner Giamatti's family."
Rose, before agreeing to the terms of his suspension, contended that Giamatti had pre-judged his case and sought an injunction that would have prevented Giamatti from ruling on it. The long dispute was believed to have created stress for Giamatti, but he denied that in a recent interview.
"While it's a serious matter, it doesn't take up that much of my time," he said. "Most of my time, 80 to 90% of it, is spent on other things. The way it's been played (by the media) would make you think that I've been sitting here all day worrying about it, but that hasn't been the case for months."
President Bush, vacationing in Kennebunkport, Me., said Giamatti "in a short time made a real contribution to the game, standing for the highest possible ethical standards."
Spoke With Giamatti
Bush said he had talked with the commissioner, a fellow Yale alumnus, "at great length" about the Rose case and just missed a call from him at Kennebunkport a few days ago.
Giamatti was trying to contact the President, Bush said, because "I told him I'd like to, just as a baseball fan, know the aftermath, know exactly how this matter had been resolved. But all through that I was thinking of the difficulty that he had in setting these standards that high and staying with it."
Baseball's rules provide for the Executive Council, comprised of the two league presidents and eight club owners, to carry out the commissioner's duties until a successor is chosen. An owners' meeting, previously scheduled for Milwaukee Sept. 13-14, will now focus on that objective, a spokesman for the commissioner's office said.
Among those likely to receive consideration, baseball sources said, are American League president Bobby Brown, National League president Bill White, Milwaukee Brewers owner Bud Selig, New York Mets president Frank Cashen and deputy commissioner Vincent.
Vincent's position was created in a reorganization of the commissioner's office by Giamatti. He becomes interim commissioner until a successor is named.