The music industry saw its last major independent record label absorbed into a giant media company when MCA Inc. said Wednesday that it had agreed to buy Geffen Records for MCA stock valued at about $545 million.
The acquisition of Geffen would continue the rapid consolidation of the multibillion-dollar music industry and follows MCA's purchase of GRP Records earlier this month for about $40 million in MCA common stock. In recent years, MCA has revamped its once-flagging roster of musicians and built a strong black and country music presence with artists such as Bobby Brown, Fine Young Cannibals and Tom Petty.
Announcement of the deal capped a marathon negotiating session that began last weekend after West Hollywood-based Geffen decided not to renew its distribution pact with Time Warner Inc.'s record subsidiary and also spurned a reported $700-million cash offer from Thorn EMI, the British media conglomerate.
David Geffen, the 47-year-old founder and sole stockholder of Geffen Co., said "in my heart of hearts, I wanted to stay" with Warner Bros. Records Chairman Mo Ostin and Time Warner Co-Chairman Steven J. Ross. "Steve Ross always told me that at the end of the distribution agreement he would buy (Geffen Records). But (Time Warner) is $12 billion in debt. I finally decided I could not spend any more time in the 'deal' business; I had to get on with running \o7 my\f7 businesses."
Wednesday's deal calls for MCA to issue Geffen 1 million shares of a new convertible stock that pays a $6.80 annual dividend and can be converted into 10 million shares of MCA common stock worth about $545 million, based on Wednesday's closing price of $54.50 for MCA shares. In exchange, MCA would get Geffen Records, whose artists include Guns N' Roses, Don Henley, Aerosmith, Whitesnake and Cher, and its related Geffen Music publishing unit. Geffen Records has 143 employees and said Wednesday that it had sales of more than $225 million last year.
David Geffen would retain ownership of a 90,000-square-foot Geffen office building now under construction in Beverly Hills. He would also keep his Geffen Theatrical stage subsidiary as well as his Geffen Film unit, which he said may be made part of his deal with MCA at a later date. However, other industry sources said that Geffen is negotiating with Walt Disney Co. over his film division.
Disney declined to comment.
However, in an arrangement apparently aimed at limiting Geffen's control over MCA, Geffen's new MCA shares would be held under tightly restricted conditions.
Geffen could convert only a limited number of the shares each year for the next four years and only if he sells the shares--an option that Geffen said he does not plan to exercise. Geffen also agreed not to increase his MCA stake for 20 years.
"David Geffen may never own them," MCA President Sidney J. Sheinberg said of the common shares that may eventually be issued. Sheinberg said there was no plan for Geffen to join the MCA board.
The long-rumored Geffen sale is considered a huge blow to Warner Music, the Time Warner subsidiary that for the last decade has distributed Geffen Records products both internationally and domestically and also distributes MCA Records in most foreign markets except Canada and Britain. Warner's distribution agreement with Geffen expires Dec. 31, while MCA's distribution accord with Warner runs out in March, 1991.
Geffen said the two distribution pacts represent about $150 million in business for Warner, which is said to be still regrouping financially following last year's purchase of Warner Communications by Time Inc.
Geffen had developed a close relationship with Warner after he first merged, then managed, the Elektra and Asylum labels for the company. Warner had owned 50% of Geffen, but Geffen acquired the remainder of the company in the mid-1980s.
Although the expiring distribution agreement with Warner had put Geffen under pressure to reach an accord on the future of his company, industry observers say he shrewdly orchestrated suitors into a bidding frenzy. Geffen said he settled for less than Thorn EMI's $700 million in cash because of the adverse tax consequences of such a deal. He said a stock swap would insulate him from immediately paying taxes.
Yet although many industry observers praised Geffen's negotiating savvy, some were less impressed by the financial soundness of the deal.
"I don't know how the hell MCA is going to recoup its investment," said one official at Warner/Chappell Music, one of the largest music publishing companies in the world. "That (sales) multiple seems mighty high to me. Even if David doubles the size of the company . . . I don't see where it makes sense."
Some big MCA shareholders agree that the acquisition was overpriced.
"I think most large holders, including ourselves, are not very happy with it," said one major investor who declined to be identified.