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A Plant-safe Primer

July 21, 1990

Many plants found in and around Orange County homes and gardens are capable of inflicting at least some discomfort if they are ingested or come in contact with the skin. Here is a list of many of those plants, the problems they can cause and what to do if you, your children or pets come into contact with them: 1. Non-toxic: Considered non-poisonous and not dangerous. Illness very unlikely. In case of illness, dilute with fluids (water or milk).

Abelia (Abelia grandiflora)

African Violet (Saintpaulia ionantha)

Alyssum (Botanical Name)

Aralia, Japanese (Fatsia japonica)

Asparagus Fern (Asperagus setoceus plumosus )

Aster (Botanical Name)

Baby Tears (Helxine soleirolii)

Bird's Nest Fern (Asplenium nidus)

Boston Fern (Nephrolepsis exalta)

Bottle Brush (Callistemon species)

Bouganvilla (species)

Bridal Veil (Tradescantia Bridal Veil )

Calla Lily (Begonia sempiforens)

Camelia (Thea japonica)

Coleus (species)

Corn Plant (Dracena fragrans)

Creeping Charlie (Pilea nummularifolia)

Croton (Codiaeum)

Dracena (species)

Dusty Miller (Senecio cineraria)

Elephant's Ear Fern (Platycerium angloense)

Emerald Ripple (Peperonia caperata)

Eugenia (species)

Fuchsia (Botanical Name)

Geranium (Pelargonium species)

Hens Chicks (Echeueria imbricata)

Hoya--Wax Plant (Hoya exotica)

Iceplant (Mesembryanthemum chilense)

Impatiens (species)

Jade Plant (Crassula argentea)

Jasmine (Jasminum officinals or grandiflorum )

Lavender

Marigold (Calendula officinalis)

Marigold (Ecklonis species)

Monkey Plant (Ruellia makoyana)

Mother of Pearls (Graptopetalum paraguayense)

Natal Plum (Carissa grandiflora)

Painted Nettle (Coleus)

Palm (species)

Pampus Grass (Cortaderia selloana)

Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea ekegans)

Peperomia (Peperomia caperata)

Petunia (Botanical Name)

Phoenix Roebelenii (Botanical Name)

Piggyback Begonia (Begonia hispida cucullifera )

Piggyback Plant (Tolmiea menziesii)

Pilea (Botanical Name)

Pink Polka Dot Plant (Hypoestes sanguinolenta)

Ponytail Plant (Beaucarnea recurvata)

Prayer Plant (Maranta leuconeura)

Purple Passion/Purple Velvet (Gynura)

Sedum (Botanical Name)

Snapdragon (Antirrhinum species)

Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum)

Staghorn Fern (Platycerium bifurcatum)

Swedish Ivy (Plectranthus australis)

Umbrella Plant (Eriognum umbellatum)

Velvet Plant (Gynura aurantiaca)

Wandering Jew (Tradescantia albifora)

Wandering Jew--Red and White (Zebrina pendula)

Warnecki (Draceana deremensis)

Zebra Plant (species)

Zinnia (Botanical Name)

2. Oxalates: Contain irritating substances known as oxalate salts. Contact with the sap may cause burning, swelling and pain. In case of contact, wash with soap and water; if internal, rinse mouth, dilute with fluids. Call poison center. Also observe for problems swallowing and breathing, increased drooling and irritation and swelling of mouth, lips and tongue.

Arrowhead Vine (Syngonuium podophyllum)

Begonia (species)

Boston Ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata)

Caladium (species)

Calla Lily (Zantedeachia species)

Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema modestum)

Crysanthemum (species)

Dumbcane (Dieffenbachia amoena)

Elephant's Ear (Senicio caladium)

Mother-in-Law Plant (Caladium)

Nephthytis (Syngonium podophyllum)

Philodendron (species)

Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)

Schefflera (species)

Split Leaf Philodendron (Monsters deliciusa)

Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla)

3. Toxic (or potentially toxic): May contain a wide variety of toxic substances and should be considered with caution. May cause a range of problems from mild irritation to severe organ damage, depending on the plant.

African Lily (Agapanthus africanus)

Agapanthus (Botanical Name)

Aloe (Aloe barbadensis)

Aloe Vera (Botanical Name)

Azalea (Rhodendron occientale)

Bird of Paradise (Strelizia reginea)

Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens)

Castor Bean (Ricinus communis)

Chinaberry (Melia azedarach)

Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea)

Cyclamen (Botanical Name)

Dafodil (Narcissus)

Diathus (species)3

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)

Heart Ivy (Hedera helix)

Heavenly Bamboo (Nandina domestica)

Holly (Illex)

Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis)

Ivy (Hedera helix)

Jerusalem Cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum)

Juniper (Juniperus species)

Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus africanus)

Lily of the Valley (Convallaria species)

Lobelia (Botanical Name)

Majesty (Philodendron histatum)

Mistletoe (Phoradendron flavescens)

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