* 1. Dried chiles habaneros , currently the hottest chiles available in this country.
* 2. Chile de arbol , a hot, toasty-flavored dried pepper about three inches long.
* 3. Thai chiles, very hot and suitable for salads and Thai sauces, with very large seeds that give them a knobby appearance when dried (hence the unappetizing but very descriptive Thai name khi nu , "rat droppings").
* 4. Red-ripe version of the jalapeno , the most popular hot pepper in this country, used fresh in salsas, stews and salads and eaten by itself in pickled form.
* 5. Serranos , two-inch-long very hot peppers, used mostly in salsas.
* 6. Chile guero , generic term for medium-hot yellow Mexican peppers.
* 7. Poblano , the very wide (three inches) and tapering fresh pepper preferred for chiles rellenos .
* 8. Anaheim, mild and very long, used for stuffing, stews and rajas (toasted pepper strips).
* 9. Ancho , the mild, prune-flavored, dried form of poblano . It's the most common ground pepper in Mexican cooking.