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Griffith's 'Birth of a Nation' Reborn on Lumivision Disc

June 21, 1991|BARBARA SALTZMAN

Everything you've heard about D.W. Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation" is true. A product of a racist era, it is painfully racist in the worst way: The director never seemed to realize just how condescending he was to African-Americans. Yet it is also a product of cinematic genius, a tour-de-force of the motion picture art, a revolutionary product of its time.

Lumivision has produced a special laser-disc edition of the 1915 epic silent film, with the young Lillian Gish, as revised by Griffith years later. It is superior to any other video version yet released (including Republic's laser disc version from the Killiam Collection; the George Eastman House archive print used by Lumivision is at least a generation better).

It runs 200 minutes and was digitally transferred from a 35mm print at the George Eastman House at a rate of 16 frames per second.

In addition, the disc includes excerpts from the 1918 "The Birth of a Race," a syrupy film created as a response to Griffith's propaganda. Unfortunately, it pales next to Griffith's genius and is, in its own way, just as wrong-headed as "The Birth of a Nation."

The original Joseph Carl Breil score has been re-created from the original 1915 and 1921 public-domain orchestral parts, piano scores and cue sheets.

The score is a melange of bits and pieces from folk songs, battle songs and hymns popular during the Civil War period combined with music by Grieg--"In the Hall of the Mountain King" from "Peer Gynt" becomes grotesque in its unintentional racism--Wagner ("The Ride of the Valkyries"), Schubert, Schumann, Beethoven, Suppe, Bellini, Weber, Rossini, Mozart, Foster, and, of course, Tchaikovsky. Breil added some music of his own as well. Additional music for the disc was composed by R.J. Miller. The sharply produced computer-generated digital soundtrack sometimes sounds artificial, however.

While it may be laudable for Lumivision to have transfered the film at 16 frames per second, to call this the "correct frame rate" when some scenes were obviously shot at 12 frames per second and appear speeded up is not quite "correct" either.

Worse yet are the overwritten album notes trying to put Griffith and his film in proper historical context. The authors are so consumed with condemning Griffith's racist interpretation of the Reconstruction era that they ignore his technical achievements.

Nonetheless, this special laser-disc edition ($49.95) gives us a chance to watch Griffith's creation in all of its glory and infamy. As with Leni Riefenstahl's "Triumph of the Will," the pseudo-documentary on Hitler's 1934 Nuremberg rallies, we can marvel at the film's technical virtuosity as we condemn its infantile, distorted account of history.

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