As the city's wallet gets thinner, the ever-fat profits of the Port of Long Beach are attracting more and more hungry glances from local leaders longing for extra cash.
The numbers say it all. While the highly successful port, a self-supporting department of the city, ended the last fiscal year with a $64-million profit, the city itself spent $7 million more than it took in. And while city officials have struggled to fund such basic services as police protection, harbor commissioners didn't bat an eyelash when they spent $1 million renovating their boardroom a few years ago.
Such jarring contrasts have fueled talk of tapping into the rich port enterprise, despite a web of legal restraints and the port's considerable political muscle.
"The bottom line is they make big money at the port and they impact the city in big ways," said Councilman Warren Harwood, who has persistently argued that the port district should be contributing more to city coffers.
He and others complain that the port's wealth mainly benefits the port and not the city--which has not only lost private industrial land to the port's expansion but must also put up with rumbling cargo trains, harbor pollution and thousands of freight trucks a day clogging its freeways.
"The benefit is not there for the community," contended Councilman Ray Grabinski. "All I'm asking is that they be fair with the taxpayer and give them an equitable return."
Even Mayor Ernie Kell, a longstanding defender of port interests, said he has been talking informally with port commissioners in recent months about ways that the port might assist the city financially.
"Now that we're entering more difficult times, we're going to get more creative in getting the port to help the city," Kell remarked, saying it was too early in his discussions to elaborate.
At the same time, the port's recent role in the unsuccessful negotiations for a Disney waterfront theme park has sparked grumbling that the port is too independent. "They don't associate themselves with the city," complained one councilman. "I think there are people (in City Hall) who are becoming less and less tolerant of that attitude."
The Walt Disney Co. cited a lengthy and costly state and federal approval process in announcing its decision to drop plans to build a $3-billion aquatic theme park in the port district. But some political insiders groused that Disney may have been further discouraged by a port more concerned with protecting its interests than the city's.
Long Beach is by no means the only community to cast a covetous eye on port riches. From Oakland to San Diego, financially strapped port cities all over California are looking to their more prosperous harbor operations as they explore every nook and cranny for additional funds.
Municipal attempts to reach into port pockets are limited by complex regulations, however, foremost among them state law. Under tidelands trust laws rooted in ancient public-land doctrines, local income from port operations must be spent on activities related to commerce, navigation or fisheries. Cities have been granted stewardship of the tidelands for the greater public good, but they get their hands slapped if they try to scoop up port money for their own general expenses.
To significantly loosen those tidelands restraints would require a change in the state Constitution, said Curtis Fossum, senior staff counsel for the State Lands Commission. And even if the Constitution were tinkered with, there would still be federal restraints.
The ports, for their part, argue that they operate in the highly competitive Pacific Rim environment and need their profits to maintain successful operations vital to commerce and thousands of jobs.
Long Beach port authorities argue that they must continue to invest liberally in facilities and new technology to retain the port's position as the highest-tonnage maritime complex on the West Coast and the second-busiest container operation in the nation, behind Los Angeles.
"The port has a tremendous income but also an enormous outlay," said Joel Friedland, president of the Long Beach Harbor Commission, a five-member board appointed by the mayor to oversee the port.
Friedland and others also argue that the port has already done a lot for the city. It took over the Queen Mary attraction, which had cost the city millions of dollars in losses, plowed $30 million into development of the World Trade Center site downtown and is now financing an $80-million expansion of the Convention Center--all projects permitted under the tidelands guidelines.
"The port has been a very generous contributor to the well-being of the city," Friedland stressed.
Port proponents further point to the $8 million a year the harbor pays for its share of city services provided in the port district--such as fire protection--and to the approximately $2.7 million a year harbor tenants pay in local taxes.
Still, some say that's not enough.