CLAREMONT — A partnership that controls Griswold's Inn has filed for federal bankruptcy protection while a buyer is sought for the venerable Claremont hotel and restaurant complex.
Alton (Sandy) Sanford, who has owned Griswold's for four decades, said efforts to cut expenses in order to fatten the bottom line failed to attract potential buyers, and the mortgage holders have threatened to foreclose.
So last week, Foothill Inn, a partnership headed by Sanford, filed for Chapter 11 protection, a process Sanford hopes will give him time to reorganize the operation while continuing to seek a buyer.
The partnership owns the hotel and other buildings at the 12-acre Griswold's complex and controls the site through a long-term lease on 4.9 acres and outright ownership of the remainder of the land.
A separate operating company that manages the complex is not in bankruptcy, Sanford said. He emphasized that the hotel, restaurants and dinner theater will remain open.
Ever the optimist, Sanford said he has talked to five potential buyers and hopes to have a deal within a month. He would renovate the hotel himself, he said, but he cannot obtain financing. Besides, he wants out.
"I'm 77 years old," he said. "I should have retired 10 years ago, at least."
Despite its decline, Griswold's remains a Claremont institution, noted for its well-landscaped grounds, Candlelight Pavilion dinner theater, weekend art fairs and smorgasbord restaurant.
"Most everybody thinks of it as an important part of Claremont," Mayor Diann Ring said.
Like the Claremont Colleges and the downtown Village, she said, Griswold's is what comes to mind when people define the city.
And at least until the 1980s, Ring said, Sanford and his wife, Betty, were Claremont's great entrepreneurial success story, taking a fruit stand and building it into a hugely successful business.
The roots of the hotel complex go back to 1909, when a local college professor, George Carter Griswold, started selling orange marmalade by mail order out of his home. He built a factory in 1915 to make candied fruit and preserves, and opened a stand that quickly attracted tourists.
Sanford said that when he and his wife bought the business in 1950, much of the trade continued to come from tourists, many of whom took a bus tour from the Mission Inn in Riverside that included stops at a winery, an orange packing house and Griswold's.
"We'd serve them fresh orange juice, samples of our candied fruit, and get them on a mailing list and then send them a catalogue for Christmas," Sanford said.
The couple added a bakery and the smorgasbord, and by 1960 they had so much business that they needed a new building. They moved to the current site on Foothill Boulevard, west of Indian Hill Boulevard.
The hotel was added in 1968. The old Claremont High School was acquired in 1970 and converted into shops. The Candlelight Pavilion dinner theater was opened, in partnership with Ben Bollinger, in 1985.
Meanwhile, the Sanfords opened another smorgasbord restaurant in Redlands, which continues in operation, and a hotel in Fullerton, which they later sold.
At the beginning of the 1980s, Sanford said, he turned over the business to his son, but that arrangement did not work out.
By the mid-1980s, Sanford was back in charge. But by that time, competition from new hotels built near Ontario International Airport, was beginning to hurt. The occupancy rate at Griswold's had slumped from an average of 70% to under 40% by 1986. The hotel began cutting back on services.
Sanford eventually put the hotel on the market for $8 million. One developer tied up the property for 18 months with an option but could not get financing; others came close to buying it, but didn't, he said.
As the years passed, the skimping on maintenance began to show, driving away hotel and restaurant customers. So three months ago, the strategy shifted. The sales staff was slashed so that more money could be spent on maintenance; lists of deficiencies were compiled and acted upon, and a system was installed to verify that guest complaints were handled properly.
A recovery appeared to be under way in 1989 and 1990, Sanford said, but then the recession and the Gulf War reduced travel. In June, 1991, Griswold's stopped making payments on the $5-million-plus mortgage, which led to a threatened foreclosure and, finally, to the bankruptcy filing.
Meanwhile, with the deferral of maintenance--although it is still a three-star hotel in the current Mobil travel guide--Griswold's reputation began to suffer.
Nancy Tresser-Osgood, associate director of alumni relations at Pomona College, said the college last year started sending alumni to the Ontario Hilton 10 miles away instead of to Griswold's, only a few blocks away.