Two weeks after the announcement of the closing of the department store occupying the landmark Bullock's Wilshire building, the Sheraton-Town House hotel, another jewel in the crown of the once-fashionable Wilshire Center district, may be doomed to destruction.
If the Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Commission refuses to declare it a cultural historical monument today, the neoclassical hotel that once hosted celebrities such as Howard Hughes and Elizabeth Taylor will probably be replaced by a parking lot.
Urban planners say the loss would be another serious blow to the district west of downtown that was once called the Champs Elysees of Los Angeles. The area has deteriorated to the point that the movie "Falling Down" uses it to evoke its vision of Los Angeles as an urban nightmare.
The Sheraton-Town House, built in 1929, closed in February. To keep it from being torn down, the American Institute of Architects nominated the building and its rooftop neon signs last month for designation as a monument. The group cited the building's architectural significance and its place as a key institution in the historic Wilshire corridor.
"I think in many other American cities something like this would not be allowed to happen," Huell Howser, a well-known broadcast commentator on local history, said of the decline of the Wilshire Center district.
His normally gentle Tennessee twang rose in anger. "What are our politicians doing? Where's the Chamber of Commerce? Where's Rebuild L.A.?"
The area has already seen the closing of the Ambassador Hotel in 1989 and the departure of several hundred employees of the U.S. Borax & Chemical Corp. for Valencia in 1991.
A bright spot in the district, which lies between Lafayette Park and Wilton Place, is the successful rehabilitation of the Art Deco Wiltern Theater at Wilshire Boulevard and Western Avenue.
But for the most part the area has been losing landmarks like loose teeth, victims of recession, riots, Metro Rail construction--and the vicissitudes of international capital.
The Sheraton-Town House, originally built as luxury apartments, was converted to a hotel by Conrad Hilton in 1942. It was subsequently taken over by the Sheraton chain.
When filmmakers wanted to place Mae West in London for her last film, they shot it in the Townhouse. In the '50s the hotel's Zebra Room was one of the city's ritziest nightclubs.
Hughes rented a suite at the hotel for a time. Taylor celebrated her marriage to Nicky Hilton in its garden. Many celebrities who stayed at the hotel shopped across the street at Bullock's Wilshire.
In 1972 a subsidiary of the Tokyo-based Kokusai Kogyo conglomerate called Kyo-Ya bought the hotel. Last month it closed it.
Company officials did not return phone calls seeking comment. They have told preservation activists that the hotel was losing money.
In the late 1980s, a high-profile stock market manipulation scandal and a hostile takeover of Kokusai Kogyo by a group of speculators battered the company. Japan's tumbling real estate market further weakened the firm.
Unlike the hotel, the old Bullock's Wilshire building is locally owned. Preservationists are less afraid that it will be torn down after the I. Magnin store occupying it closes at the end of the month. They believe its owner, Caltech, will try to treat the building with respect.
There is talk among preservationists of replacing the store with a museum, college classes, offices or another store. Several South Korea-based companies have been looking into opening department stores in Los Angeles. Preservationists would like that use of the building. But given the state of the retail market, nobody is counting on it.
Built in 1929, the Bullock's Wilshire building was a cathedral of commerce, a Jazz Age icon that critics said had the architectural significance of the Chrysler Building and the social and economic weight of a Saks Fifth Avenue. To many, it represented the city's pride and economic vitality.
Howser said: "I put the experience of shopping at Bullock's Wilshire--and the tearoom and the architecture and the salesladies there for 40 years--in the same category as a summer evening at the Hollywood Bowl, a meal at Musso & Frank's, a ballgame at Dodger Stadium. You feel the city is being diminished when you lose these things."
He said the city's quiet acceptance of the store's departure is a sign that Los Angeles does not care about itself.
When Saks Fifth Avenue threatened to close two decades ago, New York City kept it open with zoning changes, tax breaks and a neighborhood revitalization plan. Nothing like that happened when R. H. Macy, owner of the I. Magnin store that has occupied the Bullock's Wilshire story since 1988 occupies the Bullock's Wilshire building, said it was closing.
"New York is a lot different," said Don Eugene, president of I. Magnin. He said the city of Los Angeles did little to encourage the store to stay. "New York has an economic development department," he said. "They have a deputy mayor for that."