If Mimi Silbert were to run a classified ad for her new Los Angeles venture, it might read, "Wanted: A few bad men and women."
Silbert is the head of San Francisco's acclaimed Delancey Street Foundation, an enterprise grounded in the principle that drug addicts and ex-convicts can turn their lives around if they want to. The foundation bought the defunct Midtown Hilton on Vermont Avenue near the Hollywood Freeway earlier this year and will reopen it today as Delancey Street Los Angeles. The average Delancey Street resident has had 12 years of hard-core drug addiction, has been in and out of prison four times, is functionally illiterate, unskilled, and has never worked at even an unskilled job for more than six months. "People who have become involved with gangs, drugs, violence, crime . . . those are our favorite residents," Silbert said.
It is the dramatic turnaround of such individuals that has won the praise of law enforcement officials, civic leaders and medical authorities.
The program's flagship operation is a complex of apartments, restaurants and shops on San Francisco's waterfront--a facility built by the program's residents. Like much of what Delancey Street does, the complex was built with land provided by the local redevelopment agency, donated materials, and assistance from bankers who took a chance on the program.
Silbert predicted that the new Los Angeles home will fill up with as many as 500 residents, making it comparable in size to the San Francisco operation. The foundation's three other operations--outside Santa Fe, N.M., in Brewster, N.Y., and Greensboro, N.C.-- are also busy, Silbert said.
Delancey officials say they don't keep records of what happens to their residents after they complete their stays, which average four years. State and local government agencies that might normally track success rates don't follow Delancey Street because the program is entirely self-supporting and gets no government money.
Nevertheless, experts who are familiar with the program say it is among the success stories in drug treatment.
As an institution, they say Delancey House fills a special niche. There are other successful drug abuse programs in California, but most charge fees or accept government funds. Some free programs, such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous, don't have schools or long-term residential setups. There are halfway houses for ex-convicts, but few with the intensive schooling, vocational training and exposure to cultural outlets that Delancey provides, according to experts.
"I'm very impressed with what they have been able to do," said Barry Nidorf, Los Angeles County's chief probation officer. "Starting with very little, they have been able to turn around a number of lives."
Andrew Mecca, the director of the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs, said Delancey Street "absolutely exemplifies the very best of what we've learned about treatment, about what works and doesn't work. . . . They take people who society has literally given up on and turn them into people who lead alcohol- and drug-free, productive and happy lives."
Wayne Clark, director of substance abuse services for the San Francisco Department of Public Health, said that even though his agency does not officially monitor Delancey Street, he considered the program "a very strong and positive force in the community. . . . Clients who have not succeeded in our programs have done well in their programs."
Delancey Street's mission is to take people such as Robert Rocha, 27, and turn them into solid citizens.
Five years ago, fresh out of San Quentin, Rocha took the $200 traveling money given to him by the state of California, scored some drugs in San Francisco and decided to deal. He found a mark, but instead of selling him drugs he decided to rob him instead.
The mark turned out to be an undercover cop, and Rocha was booked for assaulting a police officer, being under the influence and possessing drugs. As part of a plea bargain, Rocha was offered Delancey Street after serving time for his parole violation.
Rocha, an eighth-grade dropout, never knew his father, and shot up heroin with his gang-member mother, who is serving a 12-year sentence in state prison. "I started shooting heroin when I was 13. I was busted for armed robbery when I was 14. I had 27 armed robberies by the time I was 18 years old," Rocha said.
Today Rocha wears a tailored Ralph Lauren gabardine suit, has his hair neatly cut and speaks quietly and articulately. He has his high school equivalency degree and is attending community college.
The Delancey Street approach falls somewhere between the extremes of those who believe hard-core felons should be locked up for long periods and those who think they should be shown sensitivity and compassion because of hard-luck upbringing.