Like many African dictators before him, Nigerian Gen. Ibrahim B. Babangida has reneged on his many promises to convert his military rule to a civilian government. To keep himself in power and perks, he has canceled the results of last month's presidential election.
That election, a major milestone in the move toward democracy in Africa's most populous nation, was conducted fairly, according to impartial observers. On the basis of votes recorded before the count was interrupted, billionaire businessman and newspaper publisher Moshood Abiola beat his wealthy opponent, Bashir Tofa. But Babangida annulled the election even though he had handpicked both candidates: He simply can't let go.
Nigerians refuse to accept this rebuke to democracy. Thirty military officers, including a general who has been an ally of Babangida, have resigned in protest. A general strike is planned. Additional protests are taking place in regions dominated by Abiola's tribe, the Yoruba.
The tribal connection is worrisome. If the protests continue along tribal or regional lines, Nigeria could suffer the deadly anarchy that threatens Somalia, Sudan and, much closer to home, Liberia. Nigerians who remember the 1967 Biafran civil war need no other reminders of the tragedy of pitting Muslim against Christian and Yoruba against Ibo. The death toll in that internecine conflict topped 1 million.