The next article Friday takes a look at patrolling the U.S.-Mexico border.
Where Job Shifts Favor Immigrants
In a wide variety of occupations, U.S.-born workers dwindled as a portion of California's labor force during the 1980s--and immigrants made big advances.
EXAMPLE 1: CONSTRUCTION LABORERS
Construction labor was a growing field in the 1980s for both U.S.- and foreign-born workers in California. But the expanding employment of immigrants exceeded the growth in jobs for American-born construction workers. 1980 Foreign-born: 17,860 jobs held (20%) U.S.-born: 73,320 jobs held (80%) 1990 Foreign-born: 73,341 jobs held (38%) U.S.-born: 120,451 jobs held (62%) *
EXAMPLE 2: HOTEL MAIDS AND HOUSEMEN
Job opportunities also expanded in the state for hotel maids and housemen. But in this job category, employment of U.S.-born workers actually declined, while all the gains were logged by foreign-born workers. 1980 Foreign-born: 19,598 jobs held (34%) U.S.-born: 23,660 jobs held (66%) 1990 Foreign-born: 32,273 jobs held (62%) U.S.-born: 12,140 jobs held (38%) *