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POINT OF VIEW / BOB OATES

20th Century Top 10 : Babe Ruth Best Athlete of All Time; Ali Ranks Next; Deion in That League

February 05, 1995|BOB OATES

Only five years remain before they start playing ball in 2000, when, looking back, some will ask one thing about our times: Who were the greatest American athletes of the 20th Century?

To this hour, Babe Ruth is first and Muhammad Ali second, I'd say--after watching most of the good ones for most of the century.

It's a subject that came up recently in a different context. A guy in a locker room was wondering if Deion Sanders is in anybody's top 10.

Well, he's in mine.

He's there for these reasons:

As a baseball player, Sanders, an outfielder for the Cincinnati Reds last season after having played earlier for the Atlanta Braves, has been a disruptive force on the basepaths while hitting .283, .276 and .304 in the last three seasons--up from a lifetime average of .263.

As a football player, Sanders, a San Francisco 49er cornerback this season, became the NFL's most valuable defensive player.

Ruth and Ali stand alone all-time. Sanders will never catch either. But in one respect he's similar. They had multiple talents and so has he.

Look at Sanders this way: Michael Jordan of the NBA, a modern two-sport legend, hasn't been able to hit minor- league pitching. A former legend, Jim Thorpe, ended six years in baseball's National League with a career batting average of .252.

Here are two subjective criteria for all-time excellence:

* Although America's best athletes are not and never have been decathlon winners--who simply do many things fairly well--most have proved their greatness doing at least two things very well.

* Most great American athletes have played the major team games, and the greatest have helped reinvent or redefine their sports or positions.

My 20th Century top 10:

1) BABE RUTH

He began as a superior pitcher with a 3-0 World Series record and finished as a superior hitter, averaging a home run for every 11.8 times at bat--or one every two or three days for 22 seasons. That transcendent versatility qualifies Ruth as best-of-century. In 1916, defeating Dodger Sherry Smith in the most remarkable of all World Series pitching duels, Ruth pitched the full 14 innings and won for the Boston Red Sox, 2-1. Sold to the New York Yankees in 1920, he changed the sport's accent to power hitting--dramatically revising a seemingly changeless game. That was Ruth's most historic achievement during a career in which, batting .342 lifetime, he hit 41 or more home runs 11 times and 54 or more four times.

2) MUHAMMAD ALI

The most intellectual of the boxers since Gene Tunney, he packed everything but a wallop, and that he didn't need. By inventing or mastering three ways to fight, Ali won the heavyweight title three times. In his youth, with an unprecedented dancing style, he could hit people when he had both feet in the air. Next, after a 3 1/2-year exile for declining to participate militarily in Vietnam, Ali changed styles to regain the title in Zaire. That time, with perhaps the most imaginative defense in sports history, Ali, 28, backed continually into the ropes--landing hardly a blow--as George Foreman, 26, swatted wildly for eight rounds, punching himself into exhaustion. Finally, in Manila, an aging Ali beat Joe Frazier with the only thing he had left, the guts to take more than 400 punches in 14 rounds.

3) O.J. SIMPSON

The best football player I have seen. Gale Sayers and Hugh McElhenny had more moves, and Jim Brown more power, but Simpson did it all faster. Nobody could keep up with Simpson's cuts. A 9.4-second sprinter, he was on the USC 440-yard relay team that broke the world record. More respected as a team player and team leader than most running backs, Simpson was the accepted best of class in both college and pro football--an uncommon achievement. Most other Heisman Trophy winners have faltered as pros. Simpson, who ran USC into the 1967 national championship, became the first NFL back to rush for 2,000 yards in a season.

4) JACKIE ROBINSON

The most gifted of America's four-sport stars, was a mid-century Hall of Fame second baseman for the Dodgers after a UCLA career in which he was less effective in baseball than any other sport. In basketball, he led the conference in scoring. In football, he set records for punt returns and average yards from scrimmage for the undefeated 1939 Bruins. And in track, flying 24 feet 10 1/2 inches, he was the 1940 NCAA long jump champion. Even though his best sport was football, he became the first of the great all-around athletes to choose baseball. And after 50 years, he remains the all-around athlete of the 20th Century.

5) JOHN UNITAS

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