For more than a quarter of a century, Oscar-winning animator Richard Williams labored to bring forth his signature film, one that would rival the best of Disney. And then it was gone.
His epic work-in-progress, originally titled "The Thief and the Cobbler," was seized in 1992 by a completion bond company, which ensured investors that the film would be completed on time and on budget. Last week, Miramax Films released the wide-screen fable, retitled "Arabian Knight."
The $28-million film includes animation, dialogue and music inserted after Williams departed the project.
Williams, the director of animation in the 1988 Academy Award-winning film "Who Framed Roger Rabbit," has steadfastly declined to discuss the events. But his oldest son, who spent two years as an animator on "Arabian Knight," has expressed strong reservations about Miramax's movie.
"I think the film has been substantially altered--and in my view, not for the better," Alexander Williams said in a telephone interview from his London home. "What I saw is nothing like the original."
The film's story line revolves around a humble cobbler and his adventures in ancient Baghdad. One major departure from his father's work, Williams noted, was adding voices to two major characters--the cobbler (Matthew Broderick) and the thief (Jonathan Winters)--when the characters originally were mute.
"They decided, in their wisdom, to have them speaking," Williams said. "But it's very hard to have them speaking when their lips don't move. So you have them speaking in the bits they added, and in the other scenes they didn't animate, they put voices over the top. It looks ridiculous, but that didn't stop them."
But the film's executive producer, Jake Eberts, whose British-based company, Allied Filmmakers, invested $10 million in the project over nine years, said Miramax has done a "fabulous job" taking the film to the big screen.
"It was significantly enhanced and changed by Miramax after Miramax stepped in and acquired the domestic [distribution] rights," Eberts said. "They made extremely good changes."
As for giving the cobbler and thief voices, Eberts said the original way did not work for two reasons.
"There wasn't a strong enough story line in and of itself that you could get the story through the actions and appearance of the cobbler," Eberts said.
"Secondly, the cobbler itself didn't have the kind of design that convey feeling. He didn't have enough characteristics in his face to convey full emotions. He also serves as the narrator."
Eberts, who said he still has great admiration for Richard Williams and his animation skills, nonetheless added that "Arabian Knight" is a classic case of art clashing with commerce.
Williams' problem, Eberts said, was that "he could never finish a scene."
"He loved the thief to death," Eberts said. "He would churn out frame after frame of the thief and not spend time on other points of the movie."
In the end, Eberts said, Williams "felt he should have absolute control over the way cuts were made. That was not possible. Only one or two directors in the world have that kind of power. He wanted final everything. . . . He was playing with over $25 million of other people's money. You have to respect that."
A Canadian, Eberts has invested in many films over the last two decades, including "Dances With Wolves," "Driving Miss Daisy" and "Gandhi." One of his first movies was the animated film "Watership Down."
Eberts said he met Williams, also a Canadian, in 1986 when the animator was receiving an award at a ceremony in London.
"I walked up on stage after he was through [getting an award], introduced myself and he told me he wanted to show me some footage," Eberts recalled. "The rest, as they say, is history."
Eberts said that he was not only impressed by the size and scope of the film in progress but that he became sold on the project because he believed Williams was an "absolute genius" at animation and that it was the kind of film entire families would attend.
"If I had known then what I know now, I never would have done it," Eberts said. ". . . I would have hired someone else."
When Williams began the feature, he promised a film that would be "more fully animated than any animated movie ever," and artists who saw the footage compared the results to a moving tapestry.
Over the years, the project attracted some of the finest American animators: Grim Natwick, creator of Betty Boop; Art Babbit, who animated the dancing mushroom and thistles in "Fantasia," and two top animators of the Warner Bros. shorts, Ken Harris ("Road Runner") and Emery Hawkins. All four have since died.
Some of the original voices, including actors Vincent Price (Zigzag) and Sir Anthony Quayle, who was to have been King Nod (Clive Revill now is Nod's voice), also died.
Warner Bros. had been set to distribute the movie, but after the bond company took over the project, the studio dropped out. The bond company handed the film to animator Fred Calvert in Los Angeles to complete.