The case against Baugh stemmed from a six-month investigation into the recall election and the events surrounding the Campbell candidacy. The contest led to the recall of Allen and tilted the balance of power in the Assembly. When Baugh replaced Allen, his vote led to the election of Republican Curt Pringle of Garden Grove as speaker.
Since the investigation began, three GOP aides have pleaded guilty to misdemeanor charges for their roles in placing Campbell on the ballot. Another, Rhonda Carmony, has been charged with three felonies for her alleged role in recruiting and helping Campbell get on the ballot. Carmony is the campaign manager for Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Huntington Beach), who is Baugh's political mentor.