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Utility Rate Cut Leaves Many in the Dark


Frany Lee Carr heard the good news on the radio--her monthly electric bill was going to be cut by 10%. Then she looked at her statement.

"I said, 'Whoa, wait a minute, that's not 10%,' " said Carr, perplexed by what looked suspiciously like a new charge a few lines below the rate cut. "Is it a trick? Or is it that I just don't understand this darn thing?"

The Huntington Beach mother and store clerk isn't the only one befuddled.

Since the discount began in January, more than 2,000 ratepayers have called a 24-hour hotline set up by the state Public Utilities Commission to complain about the complex billing statements.

"It just looks like a lot of mumbo jumbo, and it's just like picking a long-distance company," Santa Ana resident Mimi Queseda said. "Most people would rather not deal with it."

For the Record
Los Angeles Times Wednesday April 29, 1998 Orange County Edition Part A Page 3 Metro Desk 1 inches; 23 words Type of Material: Correction
Electricity--A story Tuesday about electricity rates misstated the amount raised by bond sales to finance a 10% rate reduction. The bonds raised $6.5 billion.

The new statements, crammed with an array of specific charges and explanations designed to enlighten customers, have instead left many in the dark. At issue is a line in people's electricity bills that indicates that consumers are being charged for the cost of financing the rate cut.

Even PUC spokeswoman Kyle Devine conceded that she doesn't understand the rate reduction plan or its explanation in the bills. Electricity bills are "so confusing I could just scream," Devine said.

The commission, which mandated the language on the bills, now is trying to make the statements clearer, Devine said.

In the meantime, industry experts interviewed in recent days explained it this way:

For the next four years, customers are getting a 10% rate cut, under a provision of the law that opened California's electricity market to competition. To finance that discount, the utilities raised $6.5 million by selling bonds. Eventually, customers will have to pay back those bonds.

The bottom line: While customers are saving 10% now, the payments on the bonds will reduce the savings generated by the rate cut over the next decade to less than 3%.

The big three publicly owned utilities--Southern California Edison Co., San Diego Gas & Electric Co. and Pacific Gas & Electric Co.--acknowledge that the 10% rate cut is not 10% over time. But they defend the rate cut as a way to give residents and small businesses a break now.

"There's no smoke and mirrors. Your bill today is 10% less. Your bill will be 10% less and the check you write will be 10% less," said John Fielder, an Edison senior vice president.

Consumer advocates Ralph Nader and Harvey Rosenfield have used the rate cut as a call to arms to unplug the whole deregulation deal.

Together with five consumer groups from San Francisco to San Diego, they have pushed to get an initiative on the November ballot to dismantle the new law, which they call a "big fraud."

Initiative proponents have spent more than $500,000 in less than two months to gather half the 433,000 signatures needed to qualify the measure for the ballot. They are approaching people at malls and on streets from one end of the state to the other over the next six weeks to pick up the rest. The billing boondoggle has made for some easy converts.

"When I saw it there all laid out for me on my utility bill, I just couldn't believe it," San Diego resident Brad Drake said. "Why are we being asked to pay for our own rate cut?

"I feel like Sacramento didn't do its job," he said. "I feel like they just gave everything away to the utilities, like they just gave away the store."

Robert Kinosian, a senior analyst with the utility commission's Office of Ratepayer Advocates, said, "People look at their bills and they say, 'What is this? Do we have to pay more?' It is very confusing. And then they go out and sign one of these petitions."

Among other things, the initiative would do away with the 10% rate cut and obligate the utilities to pay off the bonds sold to finance the reduction. In its place, the initiative proposes a 20% cut in utility rates, to be paid for out of power company revenues.

"I consider myself an expert in industries that try to dazzle people with numbers, but when you come down to it, this is just a big fraud," consumer crusader Rosenfield said.

The California Chamber of Commerce calls the initiative a simplistic response to some of the hard decisions lawmakers spent three years making to open up the state's electricity market.

Deregulation may not be perfect, they say, but it is already saving businesses that are big electricity users millions of dollars.

If the initiative passes, the state would face lawsuits from investors who bought the rate-cut bonds, said Allan Zaremberg, the chamber's president.

"If these ads or these bills are misleading consumers, is that a reason to turn everything upside-down? If there was a better way to do that, that doesn't mean you throw the entire deregulation and competition out to do that," he said. "That doesn't mean you should eliminate competition for electric rates in California."

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