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The Cost of Public Education

February 16, 1998

Public colleges have long been the bargains of higher education. But a College Board survey shows that costs are rising. There is also more student debt, and a clear trend of colleges giving more loans rather than grants.

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Colleges

Calif. Maritime Academy

Resident Tuition & Fees: $2,304

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: $9,684

Room & Board: $5,020

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Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

Resident Tuition & Fees: 2,231

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,611

Room & Board: 4,826

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Cal Poly Pomona

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,946

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,326

Room & Board: 5,094

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Cal State Bakersfield

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,957

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,337

Room & Board: 4,184

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Cal State Chico

Resident Tuition & Fees: 2,080

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,460

Room & Board: 6,108

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Cal State Dominguez Hills

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,816

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,196

Room & Board: 5,102

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Cal State Fresno

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,822

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,202

Room & Board: 5,610

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Cal State Fullerton

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,948

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,328

Room & Board: --

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Cal State Hayward

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,947

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,327

Room & Board: --

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Cal State Long Beach

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,836

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,226

Room & Board: 6,300

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Cal State Los Angeles

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,757

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,137

Room & Board: --

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Cal State Northridge

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,970

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,350

Room & Board: 6,160

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Cal State Sacramento

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,982

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,362

Room & Board: 5,532

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Cal State San Bernardino

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,878

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,258

Room & Board: 4,950

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Cal State San Marcos

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,725

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,105

Room & Board: --

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Cal State Stanislaus

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,739

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,119

Room & Board: 6,300

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Humboldt State

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,920

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,298

Room & Board: 5,369

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San Diego State

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,902

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,282

Room & Board: 6.192

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San Francisco State

Resident Tuition & Fees: 1,982

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,362

Room & Board: 6,768

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San Jose State

Resident Tuition & Fees: 2,017

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,397

Room & Board: 5,786

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Sonoma State

Resident Tuition & Fees: 2,130

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 9,510

Room & Board: 5,455

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UC Berkeley

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,354

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: --

Room & Board: 7,657

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UC Davis

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,332

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: --

Room & Board: 6,255

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UC Irvine

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,065

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: 13,049

Room & Board: 6.322

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UCLA

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,050

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: --

Room & Board: 6,490

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UC Riverside

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,126

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: --

Room & Board: 5,893

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UC San Diego

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,198

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: --

Room & Board: 6,832

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UC Santa Barbara

Resident Tuition & Fees: 4,098

Non-resident Tuition & Fees: --

Room & Board: 6,407

Source: American Assn. of State Colleges and Universities, National Assn. of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges

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Average Costs

At four-year public institutions

Source: The College Board, Annual Survey of Colleges

California Resident Tuition

'96-97: $2,822

'97-98: $2,826

Dollar Change: $4

% Change: 0.1%

National Averages Resident Tuition

'96-97: $2,974

'97-98: $3,111

Dollar Change: $137

% Change: 4.6%

Nonresident Tuition

'96-97: $8,334

'97-98: $8,796

Dollar Change: $462

% Change: 5.5%

Room & Board

'96-97: $4,168

'97-98: $4,358

Dollar Change: $190

% Change: 4.5%

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Financial Aid

A growing percentage of full-time under-graduate students at four-year public institutions receive financial aid.

Type of Aid

Any Aid

1989-1990: 49.8%

1992-1993: 55.4%

1995-1996: 66.5%

Grants*

Any Grant

1989-1990: 39.0

1992-1993: 44.1

1995-1996: 49.4

Pell Grant

1989-1990: 24.0

1992-1993: 26.3

1995-1996: 28.4

FSEOG**

1989-1990: 6.3

1992-1993: 7.1

1995-1996: 7.5

State Grant

1989-1990: 16.9

1992-1993: 15.4

1995-1996: 18.4

Institutional Grant

1989-1990: 14.6

1992-1993: 16.3

1995-1996: 19.3

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Loans

Any Loan

1989-1990: 25.7

1992-1993: 31.6

1995-1996: 45.0

Work-Study

1989-1990: 7.4

1992-1993: 8.1

1995-1996: 8.3

* Many students receive more than one type of grant.

** Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants

Source: U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Postsecondary Student Aid Study

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Mounting Debt

Student loans are now a much larger component of financial aid packages than they were in the 1980s.

Changes in Types of Financial Aid Awarded at all Higher Education Institutions, 1989-901996-97

Grants

1989-90: 48.4%

1996-97: 39.7%

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Loans

1989-90: 49.1%

1996-97: 58.9%

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Work-study

1989-90: 2.4%

1996-97: 1.4%

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