PEORIA, Ill. — The United Auto Workers voted Sunday to reject a new contract with Caterpillar Inc., continuing its six-year dispute with the nation's largest maker of earth-moving equipment.
Jim Clingan, president of Local 974, the union's largest Caterpillar local, said members nationwide voted 58% to 42% against the contract.
The union hall here erupted in applause when the contract, which was supported by the union leadership, was rejected.
Clingan did not know whether Caterpillar would agree to further contract negotiations.
"We'll keep moving on," Clingan said. "We'll try to find ways to put pressure on the company to bring them back to the bargaining table. The membership clearly spoke."
Although the contract would have ended six years of uncertainty for workers in four states, it also required them to give way on some issues that twice led to long, bitter strikes.
Many union members were unhappy with the deal even though it would have given them the security of a contract, which they have been working without since the fall of 1991.
The six-year proposal offered raises to current Caterpillar workers and increased pension benefits and job security until 2004.
The proposal would have lowered wages for new workers while giving the company greater power to limit overtime and use temporary workers, according to union sources.
But it also required that the union drop unfair labor practice complaints against Peoria-based Caterpillar and grant amnesty to members who abandoned strikes and returned to work.
And it did not require the company to rehire union activists who were fired after the old contract expired.
"If we're going to give full amnesty to the scabs, the illegally terminated should get full amnesty too," said Terry Lochbaum, an electrician who has worked 30 years at Caterpillar.
"I think everybody here who stood out on the picket line as long as we did is skeptical of what Caterpillar has to offer," said Randy Pearson, a welder with 25 years at Caterpillar.
The agreement would have covered about 13,000 Caterpillar workers, most of them at plants in Aurora, Decatur and East Peoria in Illinois and Pontiac, Mich.
It also covered smaller numbers in Pennsylvania, Colorado and Tennessee.
Five UAW locals voted on the offer Sunday; two others voted Saturday.
Despite the years of labor turmoil, Caterpillar has been setting record profits year after year--almost $1.7 billion in 1997.
When the last contract expired, UAW members went on strike for more than five months.
They returned only when Caterpillar imposed the terms of its contract offer and threatened to replace anyone who did not go back to work.
That gave rise to charges by the union of unfair labor practices.
The union struck again in June 1994, saying the issue wasn't the contract but unfair labor practices. That walkout lasted 17 months.