Republican Rep. Jay Kim--already sentenced by the courts to wear an electronic surveillance bracelet for campaign finance fraud--lost his bid Tuesday to avoid the ultimate political punishment from voters in his Diamond Bar district.
Elsewhere in California's congressional races, former Republican Rep. Robert K. Dornan appeared headed for victory in his quest to resurrect his political career by winning the GOP nomination for the Garden Grove seat he lost to Democratic Rep. Loretta Sanchez in an embarrassing upset two years ago.
These were two of the most closely watched contests among the primaries in California's 52-seat House delegation.
In Kim's district, Diamond Bar Assemblyman Gary Miller defeated the three-term incumbent in the race for the Republican nomination. Miller had argued that the party was in danger of losing the rock-solid Republican district if Kim, convicted of misdemeanor fund-raising violations, were the nominee.
Dornan jumped to a substantial lead over attorney Lisa Hughes, who argued that she would be the stronger GOP candidate against Sanchez in November. Superior Court Judge Jim Gray also was seeking the Republican nomination.
Despite an eclectic group of challengers, most California House incumbents appeared safely positioned to keep their jobs. But open seats in the South Bay, eastern Los Angeles suburbs and two Northern California districts guarantee that California will send at least four freshmen to Washington in November.
In the South Bay, where incumbent Democrat Jane Harman gave up her seat to run for governor, state Assemblyman Steven T. Kuykendall won the three-way Republican primary that also featured businesswoman Susan Brooks and Los Angeles City Councilman Rudy Svorinich Jr.
Brooks, who lost two close races to Harman, benefited from district-wide name recognition. But Kuykendall and Svorinich argued that fresh blood was needed to win the seat for the GOP.
For the Democrats, businesswoman Janice Hahn--daughter of former county Supervisor Kenneth Hahn and sister of Los Angeles City Atty. James Hahn--was virtually uncontested for the nomination.
In a Los Angeles County district that includes Montebello and Whittier, the Democratic winner of the primary will almost certainly succeed veteran Rep. Esteban Torres, a Democrat who is retiring.
With the vast majority of the votes counted, three-term Assemblywoman Grace Napolitano was clinging to a razor-thin margin over Jamie Casso--Torres' son-in-law, chief of staff and chosen successor.
For political observers both in and out of California, Kim's race was one of the most fascinating, given the unprecedented circumstance of a seated congressman forbidden by court order to set foot in his district in the weeks before an election.
While Miller and Orange County prosecutor Pete Pierce waged aggressive campaigns to unseat Kim, Diamond Bar City Councilwoman Eileen R. Ansari was unopposed for the Democratic nomination.
At Kim's Upland campaign office Tuesday afternoon, the mood was subdued. Press releases were going into the shredder, leaflets were in garbage bags and no one knew where or whether the election night party would be held.
"It's kind of hard without the congressman," one aide said glumly.
Dornan's bid in the Orange County district he had represented from 1985 to 1997 also captured national attention. All but abandoned by the GOP establishment, he was banking on his strong conservative credentials to again resonate with voters.
Sanchez defeated Dornan by a mere 984 votes in one of the most shocking upsets of 1996. Dornan spent much of the past two years unsuccessfully contesting the election, claiming that noncitizens had voted illegally and put Sanchez over the top. After a lengthy investigation, Congress earlier this year let the election stand.
A political saga of another sort was playing out in Northern California, where two open seats are expected to change hands in November.
Early returns showed businessman Doug Ose was likely to win a fierce battle against Republican state Assemblywoman Barbara Alby for the nomination in an increasingly conservative Sacramento-area district left open by veteran Democratic Rep. Vic Fazio, who is retiring. On the Democrats' side, attorney Sandie Dunn was the front-runner in the primary in what will be a battle royal for her party to hold the seat in November.
The other potential flip-flop involves the state's northernmost district, which came open when Republican Rep. Frank Riggs launched a run for the U.S. Senate that he quickly aborted. State Sen. Mike Thompson appeared headed for the Democratic nomination, with unopposed Napa County Supervisor Mark Luce his Republican rival in November. Thompson will be favored in the fall race.