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Women's Health

Just the Facts

June 22, 1998

* Women are two to eight times more likely than men to develop a tear in the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee. Researchers found that these injuries often occur during ovulation--suggesting that estrogen may play a role.

* 66% of sexually transmitted diseases occur in people younger than 25.

* 20 million U.S. women--nearly one in seven--have migraines.

* Half of all women will acquire one or more sexually transmitted infections during their reproductive years.

* 12% of U.S. women--compared with only 6% of U.S. men--have suffered from clinically significant depression at some time in their lives.

* 600,000 women worldwide die each year from complications linked to pregnancies.

* The so-called breast cancer genes account for only 5% of the 180,000 breast cancer cases that occur every year in the U.S.

* One in eight women in the U.S. will develop breast cancer in her lifetime.

* One in five women older than 65 develop some form of heart disease.

* 44% of women--compared with 27% of men--who have a heart attack die within a year.

* Women who smoke the same amount as men have twice the risk of developing lung cancer.

* Women who smoke have 6% less bone mass by age 80 than nonsmokers.

* African American women with cardiovascular disease are 69% more likely to die than white women.

* 20 million American women are affected by osteoporosis.

* Women around the world live longer than men--sometimes by as much as 10 years. In the U.S., life expectancy at birth is 79 years for women, 72 years for men.

* New research shows that 100-year-old women are four times more likely to have given birth in their 40s than a control group born in the same year, who died at age 73.

Where to Go for Help

Here are some Web sites and toll-free numbers women ought to know:

* American Medical Assn.

* National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute/National Cholesterol Education Program

* Planned Parenthood (for breast self-exams)


* American Council for Headache Education

(800) 255-ACHE

* American Social Health Assn.

* American Diabetes Assn.

(800) 342-2383

* National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

* Emergency Contraception Hotline

(888) NOT-2-LATE

* National STD Hotline

(800) 227-8922

* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National HIV and AIDS Hotline

(800) 342-2437

* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Vaccination Information

(800) CDC-SHOT

* American Autoimmune Related Diseases Assn.

(800) 598-4668;

* National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

* National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

* American Cancer Society

(800) ACS-2345

* National Alliance of Breast Cancer Organizations

(800) 719-9154

* National Cancer Institute

(800) 422-6237;

* BRCA Genetic Testing/Myriad Genetics

(800) 469-7423

* BRCA Genetic Testing/Oncormed

(800) 662-6763

* American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons sponsors this Web site with the Plastic

Surgery Educational Foundation

* Women's Health

Initiative/Hormone Replacement Therapy Study

(800) 54-WOMEN

* American Speech-Language-Hearing Assn.

(800) 638-8255 or (800) 498-2071

* National Clearinghouse for Alcohol Information

(800) 729-6686

* American Heart Assn.

(888) MY-HEART

* American Heart Assn.'s Site for Women

* Department of Health and Human Services 24-Hour Domestic Violence Hotline

(800) 799-SAFE

* Department of Health and Human Services' Directory Assistance

(800) 677-1116

Eldercare Locator:

* SeniorNet

* National Osteoporosis Foundation

* National Osteoporosis Foundation's Official Action Line (800) 464-6700

* National Institute on Aging Information Center (800) 222-2225

* National Institute of Aging/Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Centerz (800) 438-4380

* Alzheimer's Assn.

(800) 272-3900

* National Foundation for Depressive Illness

(800) 248-4344

* National Institute of Mental Health

* National Assn. for Continence


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