Another company to benefit from that decision is Loral Space & Communications. Loral's chairman and chief executive officer, Bernard L. Schwartz, is one of several Harman supporters co-chairing a $2,500-a-person fund-raiser for her gubernatorial campaign this month in New York.
Unlike federal campaigns, there are no limits on individual or corporate contributions in state races.
Harman said Schwartz has been a family friend for two decades.
As reported earlier, a federal grand jury has been investigating allegations that Loral and Hughes provided technical information to the Chinese that could improve the reliability of China's long-range missiles. The probe centers on a technical report that the American companies provided after the 1996 explosion of a Long March missile carrying a Loral satellite. Both companies deny violating restrictions on technology transfer to China.
Harman acknowledged that Loral has benefited from her support for the aerospace industry. "But to my knowledge, I have never made a particular, focused effort to help Loral on any specific project," she said.
Harman also received $454,000 from union political action committees for her congressional campaigns, most it from unions representing defense and aerospace plants in her district.
"She has always supported the interest of that industry, which bottom line means jobs for our people," said Bruce Lee, the former regional director for the United Auto Workers, which represents about 20,000 aerospace workers in her district.
In Congress, Harman stood by labor in voting against the North American Free Trade Agreement, despite appeals from President Clinton and from her own defense industry contributors.
Harman said she has received less union backing than others in Congress and has not won labor support in her gubernatorial bid.
"I have voted my conscience," she said. "I made independent . . . decisions for six years, and I have taken knocks for not fitting in any little slot."
Times researchers Janet Lundblad and Paul Singleton contributed to this story.
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Between 1991 and 1997, Rep. Jane Harman collected more than $4 million to fund three successful races for Congress. Here are some of her top contributors, many from the defense and aerospace industries.
Loral Space & Communications
Headed by Harman friend Bernard Schwartz; benefited from Harman support for Chinese satellite launches.
Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue
Harman worked at this lawn firm; one client is Harman International Industry, chaired by her husband.
Harman is backer of B-2 bomber and F/A-18 fighters.
Satellite maker, Harman pushed Chinese satellite launches.
Produces the C-17 cargo plane, championed by Harman.
Aerospace and defense company; close ties to Harman and her husband.
Walt Disney Co.
International entertainment company with many issues before Congress.
Human Rights Campaign Fund
Organization backs gay and lesbian rights; Harman defends rights of gays in the military.
United Auto Workers
Union represents 20,000 workers in aerospace and defense in Harman's district.
Hollywood Women's Political Committee
Group dissolved in 1997; was a backer of liberal causes and candidates
Women's Alliance for Israel
Promotes U.S.-Israeli ties, as does Harman
Where the Money Comes From
The following is a breakdown of all contributions.
Personal (Jane and Sidney Harman): $799,000
Professional (lawyers, accountants, etc.): $538,862
Defense / aerospace: $440, 884
Ideological (feminists, pro-Israel, etc.): $270,421
Financial (banks, brokerages): $219,100
Health care: $124,544
All other: $1,164,204
Source: Campaign Study Group based on Federal Election Commission records