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YEAR BY YEAR: Southern California Chronology

SPECIAL MILLENNIUM ISSUE | C Notes

January 10, 1999

1900: Elevated toll highway for bicyclists, or "veloway," opens, offering a wood-planked route from the Green Hotel in Pasadena to downtown Los Angeles. -- Automobile Club of Southern California founded. -- Los Angeles city population, 102,479. -- Los Angeles County population, 170,298

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1901: Angels Flight begins operating on Bunker Hill in downtown Los Angeles. -- Excavations begin at La Brea Tar Pits.

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1902: Michigan defeats Stanford, 49-0, in first New Year's Day game at Rose Bowl. -- Construction begins on Riverside Mission Inn. -- Long Beach Pike, Southern California's first seaside amusement park, opens.

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1903: Hollywood incorporates; population, 700; misdemeanor to drive more than 2,000 sheep through the city in one herd. -- William Randolph Hearst publishes Los Angeles Examiner. -- Annual value of orange crop exceeds value of gold produced. -- Southwest Museum founded.

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1904: 20-mile "Hueneme" railway connecting Malibu to Port of Los Angeles opens. -- Los Angeles records first auto theft.

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1905: Colorado River canal dike bursts, creating the Salton Sea.

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1906: City of Hawthorne named for novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne. -- Alexandria Hotel opens.

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1907: The California Fruit Growers' Exchange, a cooperative of citrus concerns, markets oranges to Iowa on trains that advertise: "Oranges for Health--California for Wealth." -- In Santa Monica, Francis Boggs and Thomas Persons complete first film shot in California, "The Count of Monte Cristo."

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1908: First lot on Balboa Island sells for $700. -- The Greene brothers complete Gamble House in Pasadena.

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1909: Santa Monica Pier construction begins. -- Southern California's first airplane assembled in Santa Ana. -- First modern factory built in downtown L.A.'s garment district.

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1910: Pacific Electric Railway Co. becomes world's largest interurban railway system. -- 21 die when labor leaders James B. and John J. McNamara dynamite Los Angeles Times. -- Watts incorporated. -- Los Angeles city population, 310,198. -- Los Angeles County population, 504,131.

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1911: Frederick Law Olmsted plans model city of Torrance. -- Manhattan Beach closes Strand to African Americans.

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1912: First L.A. gas station opens.

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1913: The Los Angeles Aqueduct opens. -- California Alien Land Act prohibits Japanese farmers from owning land. -- Record high temperature of 134 degrees Fahrenheit recorded in Death Valley, July 10. -- Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History in Exposition Park opens.

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1914: Longest, highest and only solid concrete municipal pier in the United States built in Huntington Beach. -- Main Ventura oil field produces 90,000 barrels of oil per day. -- Job Harriman founds utopian socialist colony in Antelope Valley.

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1915: Los Angeles leads nation with 55,000 privately owned cars. -- San Fernando Valley residents vote 681 to 25 in favor of becoming part of city of Los Angeles. -- Panama-California Exposition held in San Diego.

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1916: Watts elects Frederick Roberts, state's first African American assemblyman, who pushes antidiscrimination bills.

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1917: Pasadena Playhouse opens. -- First wooden ship completed at L.A. Harbor launched.

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1918: 2,969 L.A. residents die in worldwide Spanish Flu epidemic. -- California Date Assn. establishes its first packing plant at Indio. -- Downtown L.A.'s Central Park renamed in honor of World War I Gen. John Pershing. -- Los Angeles' first art/design college, Otis School of Art and Design, opens.

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1919: Hollywood's Musso & Frank Grill opens. -- First forest service aerial patrol established in Riverside. -- Los Angeles Philharmonic founded. -- California Railroad Commission announces that Los Angeles County's auto population has reached the "saturation point"--about 100,000.

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1920: Los Angeles' first parking ban goes into effect, making downtown curbs off limits during peak hours. -- With Prohibition, speakeasies pop up in downtown hotel basements. -- Los Angeles city population, 576,673. -- Los Angeles County population, 936,455.

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1921: Sabatino (Simon) Rodia buys lot in Watts to begin construction of towers with scraps of metal, glass and pottery. -- First Easter sunrise service and "Symphonies Under the Stars" at Hollywood Bowl held.

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1922: Los Angeles' first radio stations--KFI, KHJ and KNX--air. -- J. Paul Getty and his father, George, begin pumping oil in Long Beach.

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1923: Biltmore Hotel opens. -- Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson constructs Angelus Temple in Echo Park. -- Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum opens.

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1924: L.A. moves ahead of San Francisco as state's most populous city. -- 50 die in explosion aboard USS Mississippi in L.A. Harbor. -- Will Rogers builds ranch in Pacific Palisades. -- Mulholland Drive dedicated.

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1925: Fine Arts Society of San Diego established. -- Central Library in downtown L.A. opens.

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1926: Paving of Pico Boulevard, largest single street-paving project to date, costs more than $1 million.

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1927: Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences convenes at Biltmore Hotel. -- Sid Grauman opens Chinese Theatre in Hollywood.

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