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Rivals Battle to Be New Online Force

IVillage, are in a race to be the top portal catering to women, the fastest-growing segment of the Internet population.


With increasing numbers of women turning to the Internet for everything from horoscopes to stock tips, the women's online market has exploded into a high-stakes battle for customers and advertisers.

Two companies with headquarters on opposite coasts, IVillage and, are engaged in a neck-and-neck fight for recognition as the top Web site for women. New York-based IVillage insists it is the leader, with 1.6 million registered members, roughly 4 million visitors a month and a slew of blue-chip sponsors trying to reach its savvy, 25-to-49-year-old female audience.

Meanwhile, San Mateo, Calif.-based recently announced plans for its own public offering of stock and in January lined up a joint venture with women's magazine publisher Hearst Corp. to create a large online network for women. Through its joint venture, reaches more than 4 million women each month.

The race to reach women on the Web comes after initial assumptions that men would remain the dominant force on the Internet. However, women now represent the fastest-growing segment of the online population, and because so many Web sites cater to men, women are seen as underserved. Like most other Internet businesses, IVillage and haven't earned a penny, but investors appear willing to look past the short term to the lucrative market that's developing.

The estimated 49 million women online are regarded as an untapped gold mine of advertising revenue and electronic commerce. Online advertising revenues are projected to grow to $7.7 billion in 2002, while revenues from women shopping online could reach $19.8 billion in the same year, according to research firm Jupiter Communications. That's up from the $2.1 billion women spent shopping last year on the Internet.

Plus, women tend to hold the purse strings, controlling 85% of all personal and household goods spending, according to Women's Consumer Network, a Washington-based market research group. and IVillage are similar in how they reach out to women, offering an abundance of information using bright graphics and lively, user-friendly copy. Both also take advantage of their interactive abilities. For instance, at IVillage's "work from home" area, women can chat with others about their businesses or get advice from the author of a book about home-based businesses for women.

"Through this medium, I know we can do enormous things," said IVillage Chief Executive Candice Carpenter.

Such offerings, coinciding with the burgeoning female Net population, could alter the way women get information and how marketers reach them. No one predicts the demise of women's magazines, which have long captured women's attention. But publishing executives realize they must establish an Internet presence to remain relevant to the techno-savvy. That's why they're partnering with women's Web sites, hoping to play off one another's strengths. For instance, while Web sites offer interactivity, women must still turn to magazines to see glossy photo spreads of the latest fashions.

"If I were to tell you there was no concern in the print world that the Internet will take away readers, I wouldn't be telling the truth," said Al Sikes, president of Hearst's new-media and technology unit. "But because both feature strong characteristics, they could enhance each other."

The landscape is likely to become even more complex as powerful new players enter the market. Geraldine Laybourne, a veteran television executive who turned Viacom Inc.'s Nickelodeon into a leading kids network, is launching a women's cable channel and related Web sites through a venture called Oxygen Media. Backed by such investors as Oprah Winfrey's Harpo Entertainment Group and America Online Inc., Oxygen is gearing up to become a leading destination for women both on television and the Internet.

And on June 10, Time Warner Inc. and Advance Publications Inc., parent of Conde Nast Publications, announced plans to create a women's television network and Web site by early next year. By combining Time Warner's Turner Broadcasting System; Time Inc., which publishes People and InStyle; and a slew of Conde Nast titles such as Vogue, Mademoiselle and Glamour, the partners believe they'll have the editorial power and resources to capture a good share of the market.

Meanwhile, America Online, the leading Internet portal, continues to expand its lifestyles channel, targeting women. And analysts say other media giants are likely to be planning their own attack into the market.

"The landscape six months from now should look very different, but it's unclear how it's all going to play out," said Kate Delhagen, who analyzes the Internet for Forrester Research in Cambridge, Mass. "There's room for two players, but I'm not so sure about four. It's a critical time for all of them to establish their presence and figure out how to build multiple streams of revenue."

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